[Necrolytic migratory erythema in glucagonoma syndrome].

Eduard-Arning-Klinik für Dermatologie und Allergologie, Asklepios Klinik St. Georg, Lohmühlenstrasse 5, 20099 Hamburg.
Der Hautarzt (Impact Factor: 0.54). 02/2008; 59(1):50-3.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The glucagonoma syndrome is a rare disease in which a typical skin lesion, necrolytic migratory erythema, is often one of the presenting symptoms. A 68-year-old woman developed erythematous polycyclic migratory lesions with advancing scaling borders and crusts over several years. Skin biopsies, laboratory studies and imaging confirmed the diagnosis of necrolytic migratory erythema as part of a glucagonoma syndrome.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Few cases of malignant glucagonomas have been described in the literature. In this paper we present a case of a 77-year-old woman with necrolytic migratory erythema and high plasma glucagon and chromogranin A levels caused by a neuroendocrine tumour. An abdominal CT scan suggested a pancreatic lesion and two liver metastases. The patient underwent pancreatic debulking and liver metastasectomy. Histological and immunohistochemical investigations revealed a well differentiated neuroendocrine tumour with vascular invasion and scattered immunopositivity for somatostatin receptors. The patient was treated with octreotide (20 mg i.m. every 28 days) for three years without side effects. Three months after surgery symptoms of disease recurred accompanied by hyperglucagonaemia and newly diagnosed liver lesions. The patient was treated with octreotide (30 mg i.m. every 28 days) and interferon-alpha (6 MU 3 times per week) plus three cycles of hepatic chemoembolisation. Symptoms resolved after the first month of therapy, hormone levels decreased compared to untreated levels and metastatic growth slowed as observed by radiographic evidence. The patient is now asymptomatic with persistent hepatic disease and normal serum glucagon levels forty months after primary treatment. So far, only few immunohistochemical studies are reported on malignant glucagonoma and combined treatment schedules. We demonstrated, for the first time, a scattered immunopositivity for somatostatin receptors in a malignant glucagonoma. For this reason, the somatostatin analogs therapy was instituted. A combined antiproliferative medical treatment and the hepatic chemoembolization have been able to control tumor growth and disease symptoms for a long time after surgery.
    Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research: CR 04/2006; 25(1):135-9. · 3.27 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Somatostatin analogs and interferon alfa control hormone-active/functional neuroendocrine gastroenteropancreatic tumors. In addition to hormonal control, variable degrees of antiproliferative effects for both agents have been reported. Until now, however, no prospective, randomized studies in therapy-naive patients have compared somatostatin analogs or interferon alfa alone with a combination of the two. Eighty therapy-naive patients with histologically verified neuroendocrine tumor disease (primary localization: foregut, n = 36; midgut, n = 30; hindgut, n = 3; unknown, n = 11; functional, n = 29; nonfunctional, n = 51) were randomly treated either with lanreotide (1 mg three times a day administered subcutaneously [SC]) or interferon alfa (5 x 106 U three times a week SC) or both. All patients had disease progression in the 3 months before study entry, verified with imaging procedures. Twenty-five patients were treated with lanreotide, 27 patients were treated with interferon alfa, and 28 patients were treated with the combination. Partial tumor remission was seen in four patients (one patient who received lanreotide, one patient who received interferon alfa, and two patients who received the combination). During the 12 months of therapy, stable disease was observed in 19 patients (seven patients who received lanreotide, seven patients who received interferon alfa, and five patients who received the combination), whereas tumor progression occurred in 14 of 25 patients (lanreotide), 15 of 27 patients (interferon alfa), and 14 of 28 patients (combination). Side effects leading to an interruption of therapy were more frequent in the combination group than in the monotherapy arms. This prospective, randomized, multicenter study shows for the first time that somatostatin analogs, interferon alfa, or the combination of the two had comparable antiproliferative effects in the treatment of metastatic neuroendocrine gastroenteropancreatic tumors. Response rates were lower compared with those published in previous, nonrandomized studies. The antiproliferative effect of the tested substances was similar for functional and nonfunctional neuroendocrine tumors.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 08/2003; 21(14):2689-96. DOI:10.1200/JCO.2003.12.142 · 18.43 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Necrolytic migratory erythema (NME) is an uncommon inflammatory dermatosis with a distinct clinical and histologic appearance. NME is usually associated with glucagonoma. Only a few cases of NME in the absence of glucagonoma have been previously reported. We sought to understand further the pathogenesis of NME by analyzing data from three patients. Three patients were examined both clinically and histopathologically. Each patient had an extensive erythematous scaling eruption in intertriginous, perioral, and acral areas, and a markedly red, smooth tongue. Skin biopsy specimens showed confluent parakeratosis, epidermal pallor, papillary edema, and a lymphohistiocytic infiltrate. Two patients had alcoholic liver disease and one had liver dysfunction as a result of hemochromatosis. Serum albumin level was depressed, and liver enzyme values were increased in all three patients. Glucagonoma was undetectable in these patients. In the absence of glucagonoma, hepatocellular dysfunction and hypoalbuminemia appear to be the most common factors associated with NME.
    Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 05/1995; 32(4):604-9. DOI:10.1016/0190-9622(95)90345-3 · 5.00 Impact Factor