Service responses for youth onset mental disorders.
ABSTRACT Many psychiatric disorders have their highest first-onset rates in adolescence and young adulthood. We summarize recent work indicating where interventions are most needed and effective. We also review the literature that examines the scope for reorienting mental health services to meet the needs of adolescents and young adults.
The continuities between youth onset and later life disorders, as well as later social adjustment, have become clearer. Emotional disorders that persist or recur during the teens have the greatest effect on future mental health. To date, service systems, even in the developed world, cater poorly for youth with mental disorders. Intervention studies demonstrate the short-term benefits of intensive multidisciplinary intervention for early psychosis. There are few data concerning the benefit of early intervention for other disorders. Long-term benefits for early intervention for any condition are unknown. Youth streams of psychiatric care have developed for early-onset psychotic disorders.
An increasing understanding of the high prevalence and longer-term effects of youth onset mental disorders has not yet been adequately matched by intervention research or the evaluation of different models of mental health service delivery.
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ABSTRACT: Only up to one-third of young adults with a mental disorder seek professional help. The reasons for this low help-seeking rate are largely unclear. The first aim of this thesis is to explain why young adults are unlikely to seek professional help when facing mental health problems. The second aim is to provide insight into problem behaviours that typically first emerge in young adulthood: i.e., psychotic symptoms and problems related to alcohol use.
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ABSTRACT: Transformational reforms in mental health services are providing more young Australians who experience mental health problems with access to high-quality care. However, the current diagnostic approach has low utility in the early stages of illness, causing uncertainty among clinicians in regard to matching clients' needs with safe and effective interventions. The authors propose a clinical staging model that has the potential to better match illness stage to intervention. The model allows clinicians to provide more personalized and responsive care, especially to young people with attenuated syndromes (subthreshold disorders) who have a clear need for mental health care but who may not otherwise receive it. This approach can also assist clinicians in considering the potential trajectory of illness. Recent research using this framework has demonstrated the model's prospective utility. The authors describe application of the model in an early intervention youth mental health service in Australia.Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.) 05/2014; 65(7). DOI:10.1176/appi.ps.201300221 · 1.99 Impact Factor