Article

Discovery of a new nucleoside template for human A3 adenosine receptor ligands: D-4'-thioadenosine derivatives without 4'-hydroxymethyl group as highly potent and selective antagonists.

Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750, Korea.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (Impact Factor: 5.61). 08/2007; 50(14):3159-62. DOI: 10.1021/jm070259t
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Truncated D-4'-thioadenosine derivatives lacking the 4'-hydroxymethylene moiety were synthesized starting from D-mannose, using cyclization to the 4-thiosugar and one-step conversion of the diol to the acetate as key steps. At the human A3 adenosine receptor (AR), N6-substituted purine analogues bound potently and selectively and acted as antagonists in a cyclic AMP functional assay. An N6-(3-chlorobenzyl)purine analogue 9b displayed a Ki value of 1.66 nM at the human A3 AR. Thus, truncated D-4'-thioadenosine is an excellent template for the design of novel A3 AR antagonists to act at both human and murine species.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
36 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The role of adenosine A3 receptors in synaptic transmission under severe (7min) and shorter (2–5min) ischemic conditions, obtained by oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD), was investigated in rat hippocampal slices. The effects of selective A3 agonists or antagonists were examined on field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) extracellularly recorded at the dendritic level of the CA1 pyramidal region. The novel, selective A3 antagonist LJ1251 ((2R,3R,4S)-2-(2-chloro-6-(3-iodobenzylamino)-9H-purin-9-yl)tetrahydrothiophene-3,4-diol, 0.1–10nM) protected hippocampal slices from irreversible fEPSP depression induced by severe OGD and prevented or delayed the appearance of anoxic depolarization. Similar results were obtained when severe OGD was carried out with a long, receptor-desensitizing exposure to various selective A3 agonists: 5′-N-methylcarboxamidoadenosine derivatives Cl-IB-MECA (N6-(3-iodobenzyl)-2-chloro), VT72 (N6-methoxy-2-phenylethynyl), VT158 (N6-methoxy-2-phenylethynyl), VT160 (N6-methoxy-2-(2-pyridinyl)-ethynyl), and VT163 (N6-methoxy-2-p-acetylphenylethynyl) and AR132 (N6-methyl-2-phenylethynyladenosine).The selective A3 antagonist MRS1523 (3-propyl-6-ethyl-5-[(ethylthio)carbonyl]-2-phenyl-4-propyl-3-pyridine carboxylate, 100nM) reduced fEPSP depression evoked by 2-min OGD and induced a faster recovery of fEPSP amplitude after 5-min OGD. Similar results were obtained for 2- or 5-min OGD applied in the presence of each of the A3 agonists tested. Shorter exposure to A3 agonists significantly delayed the recovery of fEPSP amplitude after 5-min OGD.This indicates that A3 receptors, stimulated by selective A3 agonists, undergo desensitization during OGD. It is inferred that CA1 hippocampal A3 receptors stimulated by adenosine released during brief ischemia (2 and 5min) might exert A1-like protective effects on neurotransmission. Severe ischemia would transform the A3 receptor-mediated effects from protective to injurious.
    Biochemical pharmacology 01/2007; 74(5):768-779. · 4.25 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Reactions between secondary amines and phosphorus trichloride (PCl3) leads to the formation of the corresponding tris(dialkylamino)phosphines or hexaalkylphosphorus triamides [HAPT: (R2N)3P]. Reaction of silyl-protected 2'-deoxyinosine and acetyl-protected inosine with the in situ formed HAPT and iodine (I2) leads to the formation of N (6),N (6)-dialkyl adenosine and 2'-deoxyadenosine. In some cases the stoichiometry of the amine is important as also the use of a tertiary amine base. The effect of amine stoichiometry on the reaction of HAPT with I2 has been studied by (31)P{(1)H} NMR.
    European Journal of Organic Chemistry 01/2009; 2009(1):152-159. · 3.34 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Adenosine is present in the normal kidney and significantly elevated in response to cellular damage. The renal A3 adenosine receptor (A3AR) is up-regulated under stress, but the therapeutic effects of A3AR antagonists on chronic kidney disease are not fully understood. The present study examined the therapeutic effect of LJ-1888 [(2R,3R,4S)-2-[2-chloro-6-(3-iodobenzylamino)-9H-purine-9-yl]-tetrahydrothiophene-3,4-diol], a newly developed potent, selective, species-independent, and orally active A3AR antagonist, on unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)-induced renal fibrosis. Pretreatment with LJ-1888 effectively inhibited UUO-induced fibronectin and collagen I up-regulation in a dose-dependent manner. Masson's trichrome staining confirmed that LJ-1888 treatment effectively reduced UUO-induced interstitial collagen accumulation. Furthermore, delayed administration of LJ-1888 showed an equivalent therapeutic effect on tubulointerstitial fibrosis to that of losartan. Small-interfering A3AR transfection effectively inhibited transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-induced fibronectin and collagen I up-regulation in murine proximal tubular cells similar to LJ-1888, confirming that the renoprotective effect of LJ-1888 resulted from A3AR blockade. UUO- or TGF-β1-induced c-Jun N-terminal kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinase phosphorylation decreased significantly after LJ-1888 administration. A3AR blockade reduced UUO- or TGF-β1-induced up-regulation of lysyl oxidase, which induces cross-linking of extracellular matrix, suggesting that LJ-1888 may also regulate extracellular matrix accumulation via post-translational regulation. In conclusion, the present data demonstrate that the A3AR antagonist, LJ-1888, blocked the development of tubulointerstitial fibrosis and attenuated the progression of renal fibrosis, and they suggest that LJ-1888 may become a new therapeutic modality for renal interstitial fibrosis.
    American Journal Of Pathology 08/2013; · 4.60 Impact Factor