Overexpression of fucosyltransferase IV in A431 cell line increases cell proliferation.
ABSTRACT Fucosyltransferase IV is an essential enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of fucosylated oligosaccharides by transferring GDP-fucose to the terminal N-acetylglucosamine with the alpha1,3-linkage. Lewis Y oligosaccharide has a terminal alpha1,3-linked fucose residue and elevation of Lewis Y level is seen in many epithelial cancers. The mechanism of Lewis Y elevation in neoplastic cells is still largely unknown. To study the impact of fucosyltransferase IV on Lewis Y expression and its role on neoplastic cell proliferation, a pEGFP-N1-FUT4 recombinant plasmid was developed and stably transfected into A431 cells. We found that fucosyltransferase IV overexpression promoted cell proliferation and increased the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen that correlated with Lewis Y augmentation. Cell cycle analysis demonstrated that fucosyltransferase IV overexpression facilitated cell cycle progression. In conclusion, fucosyltransferase IV overexpression augments Lewis Y expression to trigger neoplastic cell proliferation. These studies suggest that fucosyltransferase IV may serve as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of Lewis Y-positive epithelial cancers.
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ABSTRACT: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a crucial step in tumor progression and has an important role during cancer invasion and metastasis. Although fucosyltransferase IV (FUT4) has been implicated in the modulation of cell migration, invasion and cancer metastasis, its role during EMT is unclear. This study explores the molecular mechanisms of the involvement of FUT4 in EMT in breast cancer cells. Breast cancer cell lines display increased expression of FUT4, which is accompanied by enhanced appearance of the mesenchymal phenotype and which can be reversed by knockdown of endogenous FUT4. Moreover, FUT4 induced activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt, and inactivation of GSK3β and nuclear translocation of NF-κB, resulting in increased Snail and MMP-9 expression and greater cell motility. Taken together, these findings indicate that FUT4 has a role in EMT through activation of the PI3K/Akt and NF-κB signaling systems, which induce the key mediators Snail and MMP-9 and facilitate the acquisition of a mesenchymal phenotype. Our findings support the possibility that FUT4 is a novel regulator of EMT in breast cancer cells and a promising target for cancer therapy.Cell Death & Disease 07/2013; 4:e735. · 6.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The fucosyltransferase (FUT) family is the key enzymes in cell-surface antigen synthesis during various biological processes such as tumor multidrug resistance (MDR). The aim of this work was to analyze the alteration of FUTs involved in MDR in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines. Using mass spectrometry (MS) analysis, the composition profiling of fucosylated N-glycans differed between drug-resistant BEL7402/5-FU (BEL/FU) cells and the sensitive line BEL7402. Further analysis of the expressional profiles of the FUT family in three pairs of parental and chemoresistant human HCC cell lines showed that FUT4, FUT6 and FUT8 were predominant expressed in MDR cell lines. The altered levels of FUT4, FUT6 and FUT8 were responsible for changed drug-resistant phenotypes of BEL7402 and BEL/FU cells both in vitro and in vivo. In addition, regulating FUT4, FUT6 or FUT8 expression markedly modulated the activity of the phosphoinositide 3 kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway and MDR-related protein 1 (MRP1) expression. Inhibition of the PI3K/Akt pathway by its specific inhibitor wortmannin, or by Akt small interfering RNA (siRNA), resulted in decreased MDR of BEL/FU cells, partly through the downregulation of MRP1. Taken together, our results suggest that FUT4-, FUT6- or FUT8-mediated MDR in human HCC is associated with the activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway and the expression of MRP1, but not of P-gp, indicating a possible novel mechanism by which the FUT family regulates MDR in human HCC.Cell Death & Disease 01/2013; 4:e923. · 6.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Lewis Y (LeY) is a carbohydrate tumor-associated antigen. The majority of cancer cells derived from epithelial tissues express LeY type difucosylated oligosaccharides. Fucosyltransferase IV (FUT4) is an essential enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of LeY oligosaccharides. In a previous study we reported that FUT4 is associated with cell proliferation; however, despite the important role of FUT4 in cancer proliferation and apoptosis, little is known about the mechanisms underlying the regulation ofFUT4 transcription. In the current study we investigated the regulation of FUT4 transcription in human breast cancer. We compared the regulation of human FUT4 gene transcription in human breast cancer cells (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231) using promoter/luciferase analyses. Using a series of promoter deletion constructs, we identified a potential regulatory site located between 0.8 kb and 1.6kb of the FUT4 promoter. As shown by EMSA and ChIP analyses, heat-shock factor 1 (HSF1) and Sp1are required for FUT4 promoter activity. In addition, we explored the role of HSF1 and Sp1 on cell proliferation, and found that the ERK1/2 MAPK and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways regulate the expression of FUT4, which play a role in cell proliferation via HSF1 and Sp1. These results suggest that FUT4 is a target gene for HSF1 and Sp1 that is required for cell cycle progression in breast cancer epithelial cells. J. Cell. Biochem. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 08/2013; · 3.06 Impact Factor