[Association study on microsatellite polymorphisms of MSX1 gene and nonsyndromic cleft lip and palate].
ABSTRACT To investigate muscle segment homeobox 1 (MSX1) microsatellite marker distribution and the relationship between MSX1 gene and the genetic susceptibility of nonsyndromic cleft lip and palate (NSCLP) in Hunan Hans.
One microsatellite DNA marker CA repeat in MSX1 intron region was used as genetic markers. The genotypes of 129 patients with NSCLP and 108 controls were analyzed by the techniques of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). Then case-control study was used to conduct association analysis.
The allele frequencies of the CA repeat microsatellite DNA in Hunan Han normal population were in good agreement with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The polymorphism information content and heterozygosity of CA repeat microsatellite DNA were 0.50 and 0.50 respectively. The allele CA4 frequency in CL/P and CPO group was significantly higher than that of normal controls (P<0.05). The genotype CA4,4 frequency was significantly higher in CL/P and CPO group than that in normal controls (P<0.05).
The microsatellite DNA marker CA repeat in MSX1 is a good genetic marker. MSX1 gene is significantly associated with NSCLP in Hunan Hans.
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ABSTRACT: Nonsyndromic oral clefts (NSOC) are the most common craniofacial birth defects in humans. The etiology of NSOC is complex, involving both genetic and environmental factors. Several genes that play a role in cellular proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis have been associated with clefting. For example, variations in the homeobox gene family member MSX1, including a CA repeat located within its single intron, may play a role in clefting. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between MSX1 CA repeat polymorphism and NSOC in a Southern Brazilian population using a case-parent triad design. We studied 182 nuclear families with NSOC recruited from the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre in Southern Brazil. The polymorphic region was amplified by the polymerase chain reaction and analyzed by using an automated sequencer. Among the 182 families studied, four different alleles were observed, at frequencies of 0.057 (175 bp), 0.169 (173 bp), 0.096 (171 bp) and 0.67 (169 bp). A transmission disequilibrium test with a family-based association test (FBAT) software program was used for analysis. FBAT analysis showed overtransmission of the 169 bp allele in NSOC (P=0.0005). These results suggest that the CA repeat polymorphism of the MSX1 gene may play a role in risk of NSOC in populations from Southern Brazil.Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas / Sociedade Brasileira de Biofisica ... [et al.] 07/2013; 46(7). DOI:10.1590/1414-431X20133054 · 1.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective : Orofacial clefts such as cleft palate (CP) and cleft lip (CL) with or without palate (CL/P) are the most common congenital anomalies of the head and neck. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the possible association between CDH1 (rs11642413 and rs16260) and MSX1 (rs12532 and rs3775261) gene polymorphisms and nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or cleft palate (NS-CL/P) in a sample of the Iranian population. Design and Setting : This case-control study was performed on 100 subjects with NS-CL/P and 100 healthy unrelated control subjects. Tetra amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction and multiplex polymerase chain reaction were used to detect the single-nucleotide polymorphisms. Results : There was a significant difference between NS-CL/P subjects and control subjects regarding CDH1 rs16260 C > A polymorphism, and the rs16260 AC as well as the rs16260 AA genotypes were associated with NS-CL/P susceptibility (odds ratio [OR] = 3.02, 95% confidence interval [CI] =1.51-6.00, P = .001; and OR = 8.05, 95% CI = 1.72-37.75, P = .002, respectively). No significant difference was found between the groups regarding CDH1 rs11642413 polymorphism. Although MSX1 rs3775261 polymorphism was not a risk factor for the disease, the rs12532 AG and rs12532 GG genotypes were associated with NS-CL/P risk (OR = 2.82, 95% CI = 1.55-5.15, P = .001; and OR = 8.42, 95% CI = 2.26-31.29, P = .004, respectively). Conclusion : Our data suggest that CDH1 and MSX1 gene polymorphisms are risk factors for susceptibility to NS-CL/P in a sample of the Iranian population. Larger studies are required to validate our findings.The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal 12/2012; 50(5). DOI:10.1597/12-144 · 1.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Based on association and sequencing studies, investigators have postulated muscle segment homeobox 1 (MSX1) as a strong candidate gene involved in the causation of nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCLP). Parent-of-origin effects have been suggested for some NSCLP candidate genes but not for MSX1. The aims of the present study were to test for allele/haplotype associations applying the transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) and the transmission asymmetry test (TAT) to evaluate the possible parent-of-origin effects of MSX1 in Chilean patients with NSCLP. We analyzed five SNPs (rs6446693/c.-425G>T/c.-35G>A/rs3775261/rs12532) located from 6.3 kb upstream to 3' UTR in a sample of 150 unrelated NSCLP case-parent trios. Four haplotypes showed overtransmission from parents to affected progeny, but individual SNPs did not. Two haplotypes presented allele combination C-G-A-G (P = 0.035) and two T-G-C-A (P = 0.044) (SNP order rs6446693/c.-35G>A/rs3775261/rs12532). The rs12532 A allele had a 2.08-fold increase in the risk of NSCLP when inherited from the father (95% CI: 1.10-4.02; P = 0.025), but not from the mother. These results could indicate epigenetic control by imprinting in the role of MSX1 in NSCLP. Different authors have proposed that some genes that play a role in NSCLP depend on parental origin. Our findings and those previously reported by our group show that a variety of factors appears to be involved in the association between MSX1 and NSCLP. The full mechanism of MSX1 in the development of NSCLP has not been fully understood.American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 08/2010; 152A(8):2011-6. DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.33528 · 2.05 Impact Factor