Inter-individual variability among the mechanomyographic and electromyographic amplitude and mean power frequency responses during isometric ramp muscle actions.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to examine the inter-individual variability in the patterns of responses for mechanomyographic (MMG) and electromyographic (EMG) amplitude and mean power frequency (MPF) of the vastus lateralis (VL) and rectusfemoris (RF) muscles during isometric ramp muscle actions of the leg extensors. Fifteen participants (mean +/- SD age = 24 +/- 4 years) performed two or three 6-s isometric ramp muscle actions with linear increases in torque from 15% to 90% of the highest maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) torque. Surface MMG and EMG signals were simultaneously recorded from the VL and RF muscles. The composite (averaged across subjects) and individual patterns of responses for the normalized MMG and EMG amplitude and MPF vs. isometric torque relationships were analyzed. The composite patterns for MMG amplitude for the VL and RF muscles were fit with cubic models, although, only 87% of the individual patterns (13 of 15 subjects) exhibited the same cubic pattern as the composite. For MMG MPF, the composite relationships were also cubic, but only 27% (4 subjects) and 40% (6 subjects) of the individuals exhibited the same patterns for the VL and RF respectively. 60% (8 subjects) of the individual EMG amplitude patterns of responses matched the same curvilinear composite patterns for the VL and RE, while only 7% (1 subject) and 27% (4 subjects) of the EMG MPF responses were similar to the composite models for the VL and RF muscles, respectively. Therefore, since the individual patterns did not always match the composite relationships (i.e., inter-individual variability), these findings suggested that the MMG and EMG amplitude and MPF vs. isometric torque relationships should be examined on a subject-by-subject and muscle-by-muscle basis during isometric ramp muscle actions.
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ABSTRACT: The present study applied a log-transformation model to compare the electromyographic (EMG) amplitude versus torque relationships from monopolar EMG signals up to 35 mm proximal and distal from the innervation zone (IZ). Seven men (age = 23 ± 2 year; mass = 82 ± 10 kg) and two women (age = 21 ± 1 year; mass = 62 ± 8 kg) performed isometric ramp contractions of the right leg extensors with an eight-channel linear electrode array positioned over the vastus lateralis with the IZ located between channels 4 and 5. Linear regression models were fit to the log-transformed monopolar EMG(RMS)-torque relationships with the b terms (slope) and the a terms (Y-intercept) calculated for each channel and subject. The b terms for channels 4, 5, and 6 were higher (P ≤ 0.05) than the more distal channels 7 and 8 (P < 0.05). In contrast, there were no differences (P > 0.05) among the a terms of the eight channels. Thus, the shapes of the monopolar EMG(RMS)-torque relationships were altered as a function of distance between the IZ and recording area, which may be helpful for clinicians and researchers who infer changes in motor control strategies based on the shapes of the EMG(RMS)-torque relationships.Physiological Measurement 03/2013; 34(3):315-24. DOI:10.1088/0967-3334/34/3/315 · 1.62 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine possible correlations between skinfold thicknesses and the a terms from the log-transformed electromyographic (EMGRMS) and mechanomyographic amplitude (MMGRMS)-force relationships, EMG M-Waves, and MMG gross lateral movements (GLM). Forty healthy subjects performed a 6-s isometric ramp contraction from 5% to 85% of their maximal voluntary contraction with EMG and MMG sensors placed on the vastus lateralis (VL) and rectus femoris (RF). A single electrical stimulus was applied to the femoral nerve to record the EMG M-waves and MMG GLMs. Skinfold thickness was assessed at the site of each electrode. Pearson's product correlation coefficients were calculated comparing skinfold thicknesses with the a terms from the log-transformed EMGRMS-and MMGRMS-force relationships, EMG M-waves, and MMG GLMs. There were no significant cor1relations (p>0.05) between the a terms and skinfold thicknesses for the RF and VL from the EMGRMS and MMGRMS-force relationships. However, there were significant correlations (p<0.05) between skinfold thicknesses and the EMG M-waves and MMG GLMs for the RF (r=-0.521, -0.376) and VL (r=-0.479, -0.484). Relationships were only present between skinfold thickness and the amplitudes of the EMG and MMG signals during the non-voluntary muscle actions.Journal of electromyography and kinesiology: official journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology 01/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jelekin.2013.12.005 · 1.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: In this study we examined the mechanomyographic amplitude (MMGRMS)–force relationships with log-transform and polynomial regression models for the vastus lateralis (VL), rectus femoris (RF), and first dorsal interosseous (FDI) muscles. Methods: Twelve healthy (age 23 ± 3 years) men performed isometric ramp contractions of the leg extensors and index finger from 10% to 80% of their maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) with MMG sensors positioned on the VL, RF, and FDI. Log-transform and polynomial regression models were fitted to the relationships. Results: There were differences for the a terms (intercepts) and b terms (slopes) from the log-transform model between the FDI, VL, and RF; however, there were no consistent differences identified with the polynomial regression models. Conclusions: The log-transform model quantified differences in the patterns of responses between the FDI and the leg extensors, but polynomial regression could not distinguish such differences. Muscle Nerve 49: 202–208, 2014Muscle & Nerve 02/2014; 49(2). DOI:10.1002/mus.23896 · 2.31 Impact Factor