Treatment of severe, painful pes planovalgus deformity with hindfoot arthrodesis and wedge-shaped tricortical allograft
ABSTRACT This study tested the hypothesis that modification of the standard technique of hindfoot arthrodesis with the use of a wedge-shaped tricortical allograft would improve the amount of correction of pes planovalgus deformity. The results were compared to previous reports.
Between 1998 and 2005, the senior author (LBC) performed 13 hindfoot arthrodeses on 12 patients using an allograft to improve correction of the deformity for severe, painful pes planovalgus deformity. The average patient age was 55 (range 27 to 77) years. There were seven women and five men. The indications were posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (seven feet), rheumatoid arthritis (three feet), post-traumatic arthritis and deformity (one foot), congenital pes planovalgus (one foot), and tarsal coalition (one foot).
Twelve of 13 feet achieved union by 12 weeks postoperatively. There was one nonunion. The average time to fusion was 12 weeks. All 12 patients were satisfied with the results of the operation. The average postoperative American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Ankle-Hindfoot score was 87 points, and the AOFAS Midfoot score was 85 points. Preoperative and postoperative radiographs were compared to evaluate correction of deformity. On lateral weightbearing views, the talo-first metatarsal angle improved from 15 to 6 degrees, and the lateral talocalcaneal angle improved from 48 to 35 degrees. On anteroposterior views, the talo-first metatarsal angle improved from 17 to 7 degrees, the talonavicular coverage decreased from 28 to 13 degrees, and the talocalcaneal angle improved from 23 to 13 degrees.
A simple modification of the addition of allograft to a common procedure of hindfoot arthrodesis to treat severe, painful pes planovalgus results is reliable and offers satisfactory correction.
Conference Paper: Higher-order spectrum factorization with applications[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The authors address the problem of modeling a given higher order spectrum as that of the output of a linear time-invariant system driven by a higher order white random signal. This can be posed as a higher order spectrum factorization problem. The authors provide a theorem concerning the existence of such a factorization. A fast algorithm for efficient implementation of the factorization, if it exists, is then proposed. As applications, the authors present the problems of identification of non-minimum-phase linear time-invariant systems and phase reconstructionAcoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, 1989. ICASSP-89., 1989 International Conference on; 06/1989
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ABSTRACT: Subtalar bone-block distraction arthrodesis using structural autograft carries the risk of donor site morbidity. Recent reports suggest that structural allograft may be an attractive alternative to structural autograft in subtalar arthrodesis. This prospective study analyzes subtalar distraction arthrodesis using interpositional structural allograft. Between 2000 and 2006, 22 patients (24 feet; mean age, 45.6 years) underwent subtalar arthrodesis with interpositional fresh-frozen femoral head structural allograft. Indications included subtalar arthrosis, loss of heel height, and anterior ankle impingement. Clinical outcome was assessed using the AOFAS ankle-hindfoot scoring system. Time to union was determined by previously reported clinical findings and radiographic evidence for bridging trabeculation between host bone and structural allograft. Mean followup was 35.8 months for 20 patients (21 feet) available for followup evaluation. Union was achieved in 19 of 21 patients (90%) at a mean of 15.5 (range, 11 to 19) weeks. Mean AOFAS hindfoot score improved from 21 to 71 points (p < 0.05). Radiographic analysis suggested significant (p < 0.05) improvement in all measurements. Complications included nonunion (2), varus malalignment (1), persistent subfibular impingement (1), sural neuralgia (1), and prominent hardware (2). Both patients with nonunions had avascular bone at the arthrodesis site and used tobacco products. This study supports recent publications that subtalar arthrodesis using interpositional structural allograft can have a favorable outcome. Our clinical and radiographic results suggest that restoration of hindfoot function and dimensions with structural allograft are comparable to results reported for the same procedure using structural autograft. Level IV, prospective case series.Foot & Ankle International 06/2008; 29(6):561-7. DOI:10.3113/FAI.2008.0561 · 1.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In many reports describing flatfoot deformities, the abnormality is described using observations from physical examination, radiographs, or foot imprints. Correlation of these measurements is often lacking, making determination of the magnitude of the deformity or its surgical correction difficult to quantify. Weightbearing AP and lateral radiographs were obtained on 25 patients (39 feet) with a clinically apparent flatfoot deformity and an asymptomatic control group of 28 subjects (56 feet). Radiographs were examined for the lateral talometatarsal angle, the lateral talocalcaneal angle, calcaneal pitch, first metatarsocuneiform height, medial cuneiform -fifth metatarsal height, metatarsus primus elevatus, plantar gapping at the first metatarsocuneiform joint, the AP talonavicular coverage angle, and the metatarsus adductus angle. Harris mat imprints were obtained on each foot and measured for the magnitude of the flatfoot deformity. Physical examination included the subjective appearance to the examiner of the degree of pes planus (none, mild, moderate, severe), hindfoot valgus, and ankle range of motion. Photographs of the hindfoot were obtained in a standardized manner, and hindfoot valgus was measured from these photos and compared to the measured hindfoot valgus on the physical exam. Statistically significant differences between the two groups were found in the lateral talometatarsal angle, lateral talocalcaneal angle, calcaneal pitch, first metatarsocuneiform height, the AP talonavicular coverage angle, Harris mat imprint score, subjective pes planus score, hindfoot valgus measurement from both photographs and physical examination, ankle range of motion (all with a p value less than 0.01), and the metatarsus adductus angle (p = 0.019). No patient in the control group and 14 (36%) in the flatfoot group had evidence of plantar gapping at the first metatarsocuneiform joint. In the flatfoot group, statistically significant correlations were demonstrated between the Harris mat score and heel valgus as measured by photographic and physical examination, subjective pes planus grading by physical exam, the lateral talometatarsal angle, and the first metatarsocuneiform height. This study validates the use of the Harris mat imprint as an effective method of quantifying the magnitude of a flatfoot deformity. We also found a statistically significant decrease in ankle range of motion in the flatfoot group, indicating that tightness of the gastrocsoleus complex is part of the pathophysiology of flatfoot deformity.Foot & Ankle International 08/2009; 30(7):604-12. DOI:10.3113/FAI.2009.0604 · 1.63 Impact Factor