The g.243A>G mutation in intron 17 of MUC4 is significantly associated with susceptibility/resistance to ETEC F4ab/ac infection in pigs.
ABSTRACT Using a porcine radiation hybrid panel, we assigned the mucin 4 (MUC4) gene to SSC13q41, which harbours the enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) F4ab/ac receptor locus. In addition, we identified two SNPs in intron 17 of MUC4 (DQ124298:g.243A>G and DQ124298:g.334A>G) in the parental population of a White Duroc x Erhualian cross. Association analysis showed that the MUC4 g.243A>G mutation was strongly associated with ETEC F4ab/ac, and especially with F4ac adhesion phenotypes in the White Duroc x Erhualian resource population, indicating that this polymorphism was in a significant linkage disequlibrium with the ETEC F4ab/ac receptor locus. Because of different linkage disequlibrium values between the ETEC F4ab and F4ac adhesion phenotypes and the MUC4 g.243A>G mutation, we argue that the inheritance of F4ab and F4ac receptors might be under the control of two closely linked loci.