Article

Glutaraldehyde activation of polymer Nylon-6 for lipase immobilization: enzyme characteristics and stability.

Department of Biotechnology, Himachal Pradesh University, Summer Hill, Shimla 171005, HP, India.
Bioresource Technology (Impact Factor: 5.04). 06/2008; 99(7):2566-70. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2007.04.042
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT An extracellular alkaline lipase of a thermo tolerant Bacillus coagulans BTS-3 was immobilized onto glutaraldehyde activated Nylon-6 by covalent binding. Under optimum conditions, the immobilization yielded a protein loading of 228 microg/g of Nylon-6. Immobilized enzyme showed maximum activity at a temperature of 55 degrees C and pH 7.5. The enzyme was stable between pH 7.5-9.5. It retained 88% of its original activity at 55 degrees C for 2h and also retained 85% of its original activity after eight cycles of hydrolysis of p-NPP. Kinetic parameters Km and Vmax were found to be 4mM and 10 micromol/min/ml, respectively. The influence of organic solvents on the catalytic activity of immobilized enzyme was also evaluated. The bound lipase showed enhanced activity when exposed to n-heptane. The substrate specificity of immobilized enzyme revealed more efficient hydrolysis of higher carbon length (C-16) ester than other ones.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
95 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mesoporous SBA-15 was synthesized under acidic condition at 40 °C with a non-ionic triblock copolymer (P123) as the template. The synthesis gel composition used was 1 SiO2:0.017 P123:2.9 HCl:202.6 H2O. Functionalization of SBA-15 with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) by post-synthesis method was performed under reflux for 2 h. The mesoporous samples were characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), nitrogen adsorption, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). They were then utilized as supports for the immobilization of lipase to be subsequently used for the esterification of citronellol and lauric acid. Leaching and reusability tests were also conducted on the immobilized enzymes. Functionalization resulted in about 10% improvement in enzyme loading, leading to higher activity. The immobilized enzyme was also more stable to low pH and high temperature while showing better retention (up to 95%) of enzyme molecules. Immobilized lipase maintained 90% of its esterification activity in non-aqueous system even after 4 cycles of use. The improvements were associated with enhanced surface hydrophobicity, changes in pore shapes and stronger enzyme–support interactions with minimal effects to the enzymatic activity.
    Biochemical Engineering Journal. 01/2009;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Candida antarctica Lipase B was successfully immobilized on magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles functionalized with chitosan and glutaraldehyde. The obtained magnetic catalyst was characterized and its performance was evaluated in solvent-free synthesis of ethyl oleate at room temperature. The performance of this biocatalyst was compared with the commercial Novozym 435, as a tool to estimate the efficiency of immobilization. It was found that using 33 mg of the biocatalyst it was possible to reach almost the same activity that was obtained using 12 mg of Novozym 435. Furthermore, this new biocatalyst presents the advantages of not being degraded by short alcohols, being easily recovered from the reaction media by magnetic decantation, and low fabrication cost. The possibility of reutilization was also studied, keeping a significant activity up to eight cycles. A special sampling protocol was also developed for the multiphasic reaction system, to assure accurate results. This novel biocatalyst is an interesting alternative for potential industrial applications, considering the above-mentioned advantages.
    Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering 07/2013; · 1.87 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The current demands of the world’s biotechnological industries are enhancement in enzyme productivity and development of novel techniques for increasing their shelf life. These requirements are inevitable to facilitate large-scale and economic formulation. Enzyme immobilization provides an excellent base for increasing availability of enzyme to the substrate with greater turnover over a considerable period of time. Several natural and synthetic supports have been assessed for their efficiency for enzyme immobilization. Nowadays, immobilized enzymes are preferred over their free counterpart due to their prolonged availability that curtails redundant downstream and purification processes. Future investigations should endeavor at adopting logistic and sensible entrapment techniques along with innovatively modified supports to improve the state of enzyme immobilization and provide new perspectives to the industrial sector.
    3 Biotech. 3(1).