Glutaraldehyde activation of polymer Nylon-6 for lipase immobilization: enzyme characteristics and stability.
ABSTRACT An extracellular alkaline lipase of a thermo tolerant Bacillus coagulans BTS-3 was immobilized onto glutaraldehyde activated Nylon-6 by covalent binding. Under optimum conditions, the immobilization yielded a protein loading of 228 microg/g of Nylon-6. Immobilized enzyme showed maximum activity at a temperature of 55 degrees C and pH 7.5. The enzyme was stable between pH 7.5-9.5. It retained 88% of its original activity at 55 degrees C for 2h and also retained 85% of its original activity after eight cycles of hydrolysis of p-NPP. Kinetic parameters Km and Vmax were found to be 4mM and 10 micromol/min/ml, respectively. The influence of organic solvents on the catalytic activity of immobilized enzyme was also evaluated. The bound lipase showed enhanced activity when exposed to n-heptane. The substrate specificity of immobilized enzyme revealed more efficient hydrolysis of higher carbon length (C-16) ester than other ones.
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ABSTRACT: This study aimed to develop an optimal continuous process for lipase immobilization in a bed reactor in order to investigate the possibility of large-scale production. An extracellular lipase of Pseudozyma hubeiensis (strain HB85A) was immobilized by adsorption onto a polystyrene-divinylbenzene support. Furthermore, response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to optimize enzyme immobilization and evaluate the optimum temperature and pH for free and immobilized enzyme. The optimal immobilization conditions observed were 150 min incubation time, pH 4.76, and an enzyme/support ratio of 1282 U/g support. Optimal activity temperature for free and immobilized enzyme was found to be 68°C and 52°C, respectively. Optimal activity pH for free and immobilized lipase was pH 4.6 and 6.0, respectively. Lipase immobilization resulted in improved enzyme stability in the presence of nonionic detergents, at high temperatures, at acidic and neutral pH, and at high concentrations of organic solvents such as 2-propanol, methanol, and acetone.Enzyme research. 01/2012; 2012:329178.
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ABSTRACT: A new source of lipase from Bacillus sp. ITP-001 was immobilized by physical adsorption on the polymer poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) in aqueous solution. The support and immobilized lipase were characterised, compared to the lyophilised lipase, with regard to the specific surface area, adsorption-desorption isotherms, pore volume (Vp) and size (dp) by nitrogen adsorption, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, chemical composition analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and biochemical properties. The immobilized enzyme displayed a shift in optimum pH towards the acidic side with an optimum at pH 4.0, whereas the optimum pH for the free enzyme was at pH 7.0; the optimum temperature of activity was 80 and 37 °C for the free and immobilized enzyme, respectively. The inactivation rate constant for the immobilized enzyme at 37 °C was 0.0038 h(-1) and the half-life was 182.41 h. The kinetic parameters obtained for the immobilized enzyme gave a Michaelis-Menten constant (K m) of 49.10 mM and a maximum reaction velocity (V max) of 205.03 U/g. Furthermore, the reuse of the lipase immobilized by adsorption allowed us to observe that it could be reused for 10 successive cycles, duration of each cycle (1 h), maintaining 33 % of the initial activity.Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering 05/2013; · 1.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Candida antarctica Lipase B was successfully immobilized on magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles functionalized with chitosan and glutaraldehyde. The obtained magnetic catalyst was characterized and its performance was evaluated in solvent-free synthesis of ethyl oleate at room temperature. The performance of this biocatalyst was compared with the commercial Novozym 435, as a tool to estimate the efficiency of immobilization. It was found that using 33 mg of the biocatalyst it was possible to reach almost the same activity that was obtained using 12 mg of Novozym 435. Furthermore, this new biocatalyst presents the advantages of not being degraded by short alcohols, being easily recovered from the reaction media by magnetic decantation, and low fabrication cost. The possibility of reutilization was also studied, keeping a significant activity up to eight cycles. A special sampling protocol was also developed for the multiphasic reaction system, to assure accurate results. This novel biocatalyst is an interesting alternative for potential industrial applications, considering the above-mentioned advantages.Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering 07/2013; · 1.87 Impact Factor