The burden of respiratory viral disease in hospitalized children in Paris.
ABSTRACT A virus was identified in 464 out of 1,212 patients, 8 days to 16 years of age, who were admitted to the hospital in Paris during a 3 year period. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) was found in 428 patients, 74% were younger than 6 months with bronchiolitis, and 6% were older than 2 years. RSV was the first virus isolated in all patients and in those with pneumonia or asthma. The low number of admissions due to parainfluenzae viruses is characteristic of this area compared to other countries.
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ABSTRACT: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of infant bronchiolitis. The closely related pneumonia virus of mice (PVM) causes a similar immune-mediated disease in mice, which allows an analysis of host factors that lead to severe illness. This project was designed to compare the immune responses to lethal and sublethal doses of PVM strain 15 in Balb/c and C57Bl/6 mice. Balb/c mice responded to PVM infection with an earlier and stronger innate response that failed to control viral replication. Production of inflammatory cyto- and chemokines, as well as infiltration of neutrophils and IFN-γ secreting natural killer cells into the lungs, was more predominant in Balb/c mice. In contrast, C57Bl/6 mice were capable of suppressing both viral replication and innate inflammatory responses. After a sublethal infection, PVM-induced IFN-γ production by splenocytes was stronger early during infection and weaker at late time points in C57Bl/6 mice when compared to Balb/c mice. Furthermore, although the IgG levels were similar and the mucosal IgA titres lower, the virus neutralizing antibody titres were higher in C57Bl/6 mice than in Balb/c mice. Overall, the difference in susceptibility of these two strains appeared to be related not to an inherent T helper bias, but to the capacity of the C57Bl/6 mice to control both viral replication and the immune response elicited by PVM.Viruses 01/2013; 5(1):295-320. · 2.51 Impact Factor
Article: Infections à Bocavirus humain[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Human Bocavirus (HboV) was recently cloned by a systematic screening of nasopharyngeal samples from children hospitalized for respiratory tract infections. This virus, genus Bocavirus, family Parvoviridae, was identified by screening for its DNA in 5% of nasopharyngeal aspirates, as reported in several studies. It may be responsible for upper and lower respiratory tract infections of young children under five years with a peak rate in winter. Because of a high rate of viral co-infections, its pathogenic role in these infections should be documented. Further studies are required to determine the role of this possibly systemic virus in other affections.MÃ©decine et Maladies Infectieuses 06/2009; 39(6):353-355. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Little information is available on the characteristics of infants hospitalized for acute bronchiolitis in France. An analysis of hospital records (PMSI) was conducted at the national level to describe the cases of bronchiolitis that require hospitalization among infants under 1 year of age and the factors associated with death. The analysis of all admissions that occurred during 2009, for which the diagnosis of acute bronchiolitis was recorded in the PMSI database for infants aged less than 1 year, was performed. Cases were described according to age, sex, underlying conditions (including bronchopulmonary dysplasia, cystic fibrosis, and congenital heart disease), length of hospital stay, recurrent admissions, admission to an intensive care unit (ICU), and use of assisted ventilation. Factors associated with death during hospitalization were studied by logistic regression. The hospitalization rate was 35.8 per 1000 infants under 1 year in 2009 in France. Approximately 10% of hospitalized infants required ICU admission. Twenty-two infants died. The estimated case-fatality rate was 0.08% among hospitalized infants and 0.56% for those hospitalized in the ICU. Mortality among all infants under 1 year was 2.6/10(5) in France. Factors associated with death were bronchopulmonary dysplasia (OR=6.7, 95% CI [1.5-29.8]), hospitalization in an ICU (OR=6.46, 95% CI [2.4-17.4]), and the use of assisted ventilation (OR=6.2, 95% CI [2.2-17.1]). This study has enabled the quantification of the rate of hospitalization and mortality, and a better description of infants who need hospitalization. The results are consistent with international literature, but further prospective analysis will be needed to better describe the cases at higher risk, aiming to improve their management.Archives de Pédiatrie 05/2012; 19(7):700-6. · 0.36 Impact Factor