The burden of respiratory viral disease in hospitalized children in Paris
ABSTRACT A virus was identified in 464 out of 1,212 patients, 8 days to 16 years of age, who were admitted to the hospital in Paris during a 3 year period. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) was found in 428 patients, 74% were younger than 6 months with bronchiolitis, and 6% were older than 2 years. RSV was the first virus isolated in all patients and in those with pneumonia or asthma. The low number of admissions due to parainfluenzae viruses is characteristic of this area compared to other countries.
Article: Bronchiolite del lattante[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: La bronchiolite è un’infezione virale stagionale delle vie respiratorie basse del lattante. Il suo agente causale principale è il virus respiratorio sinciziale. La comparsa di un distress respiratorio è legata all’intensità della risposta infiammatoria delle vie aeree. Benché si tratti di una malattia frequente, le cause della suscettibilità dei lattanti a questa infezione non sono conosciute. La diagnosi è clinica. Il trattamento è sintomatico in assenza di misure specifiche. I rapporti a medio e a lungo termine di un primo episodio di bronchiolite con le recidive e con l’asma non sono spiegati. Essi potrebbero dipendere dalla natura del virus in causa al momento del primo episodio e da fattori genetici individuali.01/2011; 15(3):1–7. DOI:10.1016/S1286-9341(11)70664-0
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ABSTRACT: Investigations of the etiologic agents of community-acquired acute respiratory illness may lead to better treatment decisions and patient outcomes. In a routine care setting, we assessed the diagnostic performance of a multiplex PCR assay with respect to conventional microbiological methods, in a continuous series of adult cases of community-acquired acute respiratory illness. We enrolled 279 adult patients hospitalised for community-acquired acute respiratory illness at Tours University Hospital during the winter of 2011–2012. Respiratory samples (mostly nasopharyngeal aspirates) were studied prospectively by indirect immunofluorescence assay and multiplex PCR, that enable detection of 8 viruses and 21 respiratory pathogens respectively. In total, 255 of the 279 (91.4%) samples had interpretable results by both methods. At least one respiratory pathogen was detected by multiplex PCR in 171 specimens (65%). Overall, 130 (76%) of the 171 positive samples were positive for only one respiratory pathogen, 37 (22%) samples were positive for two pathogens and four (2%) were positive for three pathogens. With indirect immunofluorescence assay, a respiratory virus was detected in 27 of the 255 (11%) specimens. Indirect immunofluorescence assay detected some of the influenza virus A (15/51, 29%) infections identified by multiplex PCR and some (7/15, 47%) human metapneumovirus and (5/12, 42%) respiratory syncytial virus infections, but it did not detect all the adenovirus infections. Thus, access to multiplex molecular assays improves the diagnostic spectrum and accuracy over conventional methods, increasing the frequency of identification of the respiratory pathogens involved in community-acquired acute respiratory illness.Pathologie Biologie 01/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.patbio.2014.12.003 · 1.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Little information is available on the characteristics of infants hospitalized for acute bronchiolitis in France. An analysis of hospital records (PMSI) was conducted at the national level to describe the cases of bronchiolitis that require hospitalization among infants under 1 year of age and the factors associated with death. The analysis of all admissions that occurred during 2009, for which the diagnosis of acute bronchiolitis was recorded in the PMSI database for infants aged less than 1 year, was performed. Cases were described according to age, sex, underlying conditions (including bronchopulmonary dysplasia, cystic fibrosis, and congenital heart disease), length of hospital stay, recurrent admissions, admission to an intensive care unit (ICU), and use of assisted ventilation. Factors associated with death during hospitalization were studied by logistic regression. The hospitalization rate was 35.8 per 1000 infants under 1 year in 2009 in France. Approximately 10% of hospitalized infants required ICU admission. Twenty-two infants died. The estimated case-fatality rate was 0.08% among hospitalized infants and 0.56% for those hospitalized in the ICU. Mortality among all infants under 1 year was 2.6/105 in France. Factors associated with death were bronchopulmonary dysplasia (OR = 6.7, 95% CI [1.5–29.8]), hospitalization in an ICU (OR = 6.46, 95% CI [2.4–17.4]), and the use of assisted ventilation (OR = 6.2, 95% CI [2.2–17.1]). This study has enabled the quantification of the rate of hospitalization and mortality, and a better description of infants who need hospitalization. The results are consistent with international literature, but further prospective analysis will be needed to better describe the cases at higher risk, aiming to improve their management.Archives de Pédiatrie 07/2012; 19(7):700–706. DOI:10.1016/j.arcped.2012.04.015 · 0.41 Impact Factor