Effectiveness of antenatal group HIV voluntary counseling and testing services in rural India

Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington Seattle, Seattle, Washington, United States
AIDS Education and Prevention (Impact Factor: 1.59). 07/2007; 19(3):187-97. DOI: 10.1521/aeap.2007.19.3.187
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study assessed HIV attitudes among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in the Namakkal district of Tamilnadu, India, as well as HIV knowledge before and after group counseling sessions. Two hundred thirteen women (97%) attending five antenatal clinics in July 2004 accepted HIV counseling and testing and completed precounseling and postcounseling questionnaires. Although the majority of women had heard of HIV, precounseling knowledge was low (mean precounseling score; 6.9/18, SD: 4.53), with scores correlating with the women's educational level and the number of sources from which they had received information about HIV. Posttest scores increased by 21%, however, understanding of modalities to prevent HIV infection remained poor. Group counseling sessions achieve small gains in HIV knowledge, but there is a continued need for ongoing and multifaceted HIV education in rural India.

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    ABSTRACT: A literature review on social mobilization and communication in support of prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. Prepared as part of a research project in support of the South African ‘Operational Plan for Accelerating PMTCT Services’ with the support of UNICEF. The preparation of this literature review was supported by funding and technical assistance from UNICEF, South Africa.
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