Learning styles of first-year medical students attending Erciyes University in Kayseri, Turkey

Faculty of Medicine, Dept. of Medical Education, Erciyes Univ., Kayseri, Turkey.
AJP Advances in Physiology Education (Impact Factor: 0.94). 07/2007; 31(2):158-60. DOI: 10.1152/advan.00043.2006
Source: PubMed


Educational researchers postulate that every individual has a different learning style. The aim of this descriptive study was to determine the learning styles of first-year medical students using the Turkish version of the visual, auditory, read-write, kinesthetic (VARK) questionnaire. This study was performed at the Department of Medical Education of Erciyes University in February 2006. The Turkish version of the VARK questionnaire was administered to first-year medical students to determine their preferred mode of learning. According to the VARK questionnaire, students were divided into five groups (visual learners, read-write learners, auditory learners, kinesthetic learners, and multimodal learners). The unimodality preference was 36.1% and multimodality was 63.9%. Among the students who participated in the study (155 students), 23.3% were kinesthetic, 7.7% were auditory, 3.2% were visual, and 1.9% were read-write learners. Some students preferred multiple modes: bimodal (30.3%), trimodal (20.7%), and quadmodal (12.9%). The learning styles did not differ between male and female students, and no statistically significant difference was determined between the first-semester grade average points and learning styles. Knowing that our students have different preferred learning modes will help the medical instructors in our faculty develop appropriate learning approaches and explore opportunities so that they will be able to make the educational experience more productive.

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    • "No significant difference was found between gender and mean score obtained in first semester with respect to students' learning styles. This result was not consistent with that of the present study [15]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Preferred learning styles of learners are different, which depend on tastes, mentality preparedness, as well as physical condition, in terms of sensory modalities. Identifying and employing appropriate learning styles could play an important role in selecting teaching styles, which can improve education ultimately.
    Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research 09/2014; 8(8):1-4. DOI:10.7860/JCDR/2014/8089.4667 · 0.23 Impact Factor
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    • "Learning styles affect on students' level of performance in many different ways [1]. It decides how information is received, process and stored in the brain and how effectively students attend and concentrate. "
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    • "No significant difference was found between gender and mean score obtained in first semester with respect to students' learning styles. This result was not consistent with that of the present study [15]. "
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