A chemical synthesis of LNA-2,6-diaminopurine riboside, and the influence of 2'-O-methyl-2,6-diaminopurine and LNA-2,6-diaminopurine ribosides on the thermodynamic properties of 2'-O-methyl RNA/RNA heteroduplexes.

Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, 60-714 Poznan, Noskowskiego 12/14, Poland.
Nucleic Acids Research (Impact Factor: 8.81). 02/2007; 35(12):4055-63. DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkm421
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Modified nucleotides are useful tools to study the structures, biological functions and chemical and thermodynamic stabilities of nucleic acids. Derivatives of 2,6-diaminopurine riboside (D) are one type of modified nucleotide. The presence of an additional amino group at position 2 relative to adenine results in formation of a third hydrogen bond when interacting with uridine. New method for chemical synthesis of protected 3'-O-phosphoramidite of LNA-2,6-diaminopurine riboside is described. The derivatives of 2'-O-methyl-2,6-diaminopurine and LNA-2,6-diaminopurine ribosides were used to prepare complete 2'-O-methyl RNA and LNA-2'-O-methyl RNA chimeric oligonucleotides to pair with RNA oligonucleotides. Thermodynamic stabilities of these duplexes demonstrated that replacement of a single internal 2'-O-methyladenosine with 2'-O-methyl-2,6-diaminopurine riboside (D(M)) or LNA-2,6-diaminopurine riboside (D(L)) increases the thermodynamic stability (DeltaDeltaG degrees 37) on average by 0.9 and 2.3 kcal/mol, respectively. Moreover, the results fit a nearest neighbor model for predicting duplex stability at 37 degrees C. D-A and D-G but not D-C mismatches formed by D(M) or D(L) generally destabilize 2'-O-methyl RNA/RNA and LNA-2'-O-methyl RNA/RNA duplexes relative to the same type of mismatches formed by 2'-O-methyladenosine and LNA-adenosine, respectively. The enhanced thermodynamic stability of fully complementary duplexes and decreased thermodynamic stability of some mismatched duplexes are useful for many RNA studies, including those involving microarrays.

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