Article

Rotavirus vaccines: recent developments and future considerations.

Instituto de Genética Humana, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Carrera 7, 40-62, Bogotá, Colombia.
Nature Reviews Microbiology (Impact Factor: 23.32). 08/2007; 5(7):529-39. DOI: 10.1038/nrmicro1692
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Two new vaccines have recently been shown to be safe and effective in protecting young children against severe rotavirus gastroenteritis. Although both vaccines are now marketed worldwide, it is likely that improvements to these vaccines and/or the development of future generations of rotavirus vaccines will be desirable. This Review addresses recent advances in our knowledge of rotavirus, the host immune response to rotavirus infection and the efficacy and safety of the new vaccines that will be helpful for improving the existing rotavirus vaccines, or developing new rotavirus vaccines in the future.

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    ABSTRACT: Recently our group has demonstrated that cellular triglycerides (TG) levels play an important role in rotavirus replication. In this study, we further examined the roles of the key enzymes for TG synthesis (lipogenesis) in the replication of rotaviruses by using inhibitors of fatty acid synthase, long chain fatty acid acyl-CoA synthetase (ACSL), and diacylglycerol acyltransferase and acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase in association with lipid droplets of which TG is a major component. Triacsin C, a natural ACSL inhibitor from Streptomyces aureofaciens, was found to be highly effective against rotavirus replication. Thus, novel triacsin C analogs were synthesized and evaluated for their efficacies against the replication of rotaviruses in cells. Many of the analogs significantly reduced rotavirus replication, and one analog (1e) was highly effective at a nanomolar concentration range (ED 50 0.1 μM) with a high therapeutic index in cell culture. Our results suggest a crucial role of lipid metabolism in rotavirus replication, and triacsin C and/or its analogs as potential therapeutic options for rotavirus infections.
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 04/2013; 50:311–318. · 3.43 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recently our group has demonstrated that cellular triglycerides (TG) levels play an important role in rotavirus replication. In this study, we further examined the roles of the key enzymes for TG synthesis (lipogenesis) in the replication of rotaviruses by using inhibitors of fatty acid synthase, long chain fatty acid acyl-CoA synthetase (ACSL), and diacylglycerol acyltransferase and acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase in association with lipid droplets of which TG is a major component. Triacsin C, a natural ACSL inhibitor from Streptomyces aureofaciens, was found to be highly effective against rotavirus replication. Thus, novel triacsin C analogs were synthesized and evaluated for their efficacies against the replication of rotaviruses in cells. Many of the analogs significantly reduced rotavirus replication, and one analog (1e) was highly effective at a nanomolar concentration range (ED 50 0.1 μM) with a high therapeutic index in cell culture. Our results suggest a crucial role of lipid metabolism in rotavirus replication, and triacsin C and/or its analogs as potential therapeutic options for rotavirus infections.
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 04/2013; 50:311–318. · 3.43 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recently our group has demonstrated that cellular triglycerides (TG) levels play an important role in rotavirus replication. In this study, we further examined the roles of the key enzymes for TG synthesis (lipogenesis) in the replication of rotaviruses by using inhibitors of fatty acid synthase, long chain fatty acid acyl-CoA synthetase (ACSL), and diacylglycerol acyltransferase and acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase in association with lipid droplets of which TG is a major component. Triacsin C, a natural ACSL inhibitor from Streptomyces aureofaciens, was found to be highly effective against rotavirus replication. Thus, novel triacsin C analogs were synthesized and evaluated for their efficacies against the replication of rotaviruses in cells. Many of the analogs significantly reduced rotavirus replication, and one analog (1e) was highly effective at a nanomolar concentration range (ED 50 0.1 μM) with a high therapeutic index in cell culture. Our results suggest a crucial role of lipid metabolism in rotavirus replication, and triacsin C and/or its analogs as potential therapeutic options for rotavirus infections.
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 04/2013; 50:311–318. · 3.43 Impact Factor

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