Article

Phosphoproteomics identified Endofin, DCBLD2, and KIAA0582 as novel tyrosine phosphorylation targets of EGF signaling and Iressa in human cancer cells

Oncology Research Institute, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
PROTEOMICS (Impact Factor: 3.97). 07/2007; 7(14):2384-97. DOI: 10.1002/pmic.200600968
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT With the completion of the human genome project, analysis of enriched phosphotyrosyl proteins from epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced phosphotyrosine proteome permits the identification of novel downstream substrates of the EGF receptor (EGFR). Using cICAT-based LC-MS/MS method, we identified and relatively quantified the tyrosine phosphorylation levels of 21 proteins between control and EGF-treated A431 human cervical cancer cells. Of these, Endofin, DCBLD2, and KIAA0582 were validated to be novel tyrosine-phosphorylation targets of EGF signaling and Iressa, a highly selective inhibitor of EGFR. In addition, EGFR activity was shown to be necessary for EGF-induced localization of Endofin, an FYVE domain-containing protein regulated by phosphoinositol lipid and engaged in endosome-mediated receptor modulation. Although several groups have conducted phosphoproteomics of EGF signaling in recent years, our study is the first to identify and validate Endofin, DCBLD2, and KIAA0582 as part of a complex EGF phosphotyrosine signaling network. These novel data will provide new insights into the complex EGF signaling and may have implications on target-directed cancer therapeutics.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Teck Yew Low, Aug 14, 2015
1 Follower
 · 
104 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Identifying proteins of signaling networks has received much attention, because an array of biological processes are entirely dependent on protein cross-talk and protein-protein interactions. Protein posttranslational modifications (PTM) add an additional layer of complexity, resulting in complex signaling networks. Of particular interest to our working group are the signaling networks of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor, a transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase involved in various cellular processes, including cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival. Ligand binding to the N-terminal residue of the extracellular domain of EGF receptor induces conformational changes, dimerization, and (auto)-phosphorylation of intracellular tyrosine residues. In addition, activated EGF receptor may positively affect survival pathways, and thus determines the pathways for tumor growth and progression. Notably, in many human malignancies exaggerated EGF receptor activities are commonly observed. An understanding of the mechanism that results in aberrant phosphorylation of EGF receptor tyrosine residues and derived signaling cascades is crucial for an understanding of molecular mechanisms in cancer development. Here, we summarize recent labeling methods and discuss the difficulties in quantitative MS-based phosphorylation assays to probe for receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) activity. We also review recent advances in sample preparation to investigate membrane-bound RTKs, MS-based detection of phosphopeptides, and the diligent use of different quantitative methods for protein labeling.
    Mass Spectrometry Reviews 01/2008; 27(1):51-65. DOI:10.1002/mas.20155 · 8.05 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To identify novel tyrosine kinase substrates that have never been implicated in cancer, we studied the phosphoproteomic changes in the MCF10AT model of breast cancer progression using a combination of phosphotyrosyl affinity enrichment, iTRAQ technology, and LC-MS/MS. Using complementary MALDI- and ESI-based mass spectrometry, 57 unique proteins comprising tyrosine kinases, phosphatases, and other signaling proteins were detected to undergo differential phosphorylation during disease progression. Seven of these proteins (SPAG9, Toll-interacting protein (TOLLIP), WBP2, NSFL1C, SLC4A7, CYFIP1, and RPS2) were validated to be novel tyrosine kinase substrates. SPAG9, TOLLIP, WBP2, and NSFL1C were further proven to be authentic targets of epidermal growth factor signaling and Iressa (gefitinib). A closer examination revealed that the expression of SLC4A7, a bicarbonate transporter, was down-regulated in 64% of the 25 matched normal and tumor clinical samples. The expression of TOLLIP in clinical breast cancers was heterogeneous with 25% showing higher expression in tumor compared with normal tissues and 35% showing the reverse trend. Preliminary studies on SPAG9, on the other hand, did not show differential expression between normal and diseased states. This is the first time SLC4A7 and TOLLIP have been discovered as novel tyrosine kinase substrates that are also associated with human cancer development. Future molecular and functional studies will provide novel insights into the roles of TOLLIP and SLC4A7 in the molecular etiology of breast cancer.
    Molecular &amp Cellular Proteomics 01/2008; 6(12):2072-87. DOI:10.1074/mcp.M700395-MCP200 · 7.25 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The promoter region of Discoidin, CUB and LCCL domain containing 2 (DCBLD2) was found to be aberrantly methylated in gastric cancer cell lines and in primary gastric cancers, as determined by restriction landmark genomic scanning. DCBLD2 expression was inversely correlated with DCBLD2 methylation in gastric cancer cell lines. Treatment with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine and trichostatin A partially reversed DCBLD2 methylation and restored gene expression in DCBLD2-silenced cell lines. In an independent series of 82 paired gastric cancers and adjacent normal tissues, DCBLD2 expression was down-regulated in 79% of gastric cancers as compared with normal tissues as measured by real-time reverse transcription-PCR. Pyrosequencing analysis of the DCBLD2 promoter region revealed abnormal hypermethylation in gastric cancers, and this hypermethylation was significantly correlated with down-regulation of DCBLD2 expression. Furthermore, ectopic expression of DCBLD2 in gastric cancer cell lines inhibited colony formation in both anchorage-dependent and anchorage-independent cultures and also inhibited invasion through the collagen matrix. These data suggest that down-regulation of DCBLD2, often associated with promoter hypermethylation, is a frequent event that may be related to the development of gastric cancer.
    Molecular Cancer Research 03/2008; 6(2):222-30. DOI:10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-07-0142 · 4.50 Impact Factor
Show more