[Clinical and electrophysiological study of asymptomatic Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome].
ABSTRACT This study was designed to describe clinical characteristics and electrophysiologic in patients with asymptomatic Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.
From December 2000 to August 2005, a total of 154 patients with accessory pathway-mediated reentry mechanism underwent electrophysiologic studies at Sainte-Marguerite and Timone hospitals in Marseille. Ninety-six patients had WPW syndrome, out of which 78 were symptomatic patients and 18 were asymptomatic. The mean age was 26 years. Sex (masculine) 17.
The incidence of intermittent arrhythmia associated with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome was lower in 2 patients (11%). There was a higher occurrence of rapid induced tachycardia in 9 patients (50%). However, atrial fibrillation occurred more commonly in 6 (33%) patients. The anterograde accessory pathway effective refractory period (APRP) in patients was much shorter (less than 250 ms [N=16]) 13 patients with accessory pathways were managed by ablation.
This study demonstrated the difference in the electrophysiologic characteristics of anterograde accessory pathway and the atrioventricular node in asymptomatic WPW patients, and thus concluded that radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation is a safe and effective method to manage patients with asymptomatic WPW syndrome.