Development of hyaluronic acid-Fe2O3 hybrid magnetic nanoparticles for targeted delivery of peptides.
ABSTRACT Novel hybrid nanoparticles comprised of hyaluronic acid (HA) and iron oxide were synthesized and characterized for the first time with the average diameter of less than 160 nm. The iron oxide (Fe2O3) particles are hybridized between HA layers by electrostatic interactions between the positive surface charge of the Fe2O3 nanoparticles and the negative charge of the carboxylate groups of HA, forming a corral-like structure. The particles were also characterized by FTIR and NMR to verify the hybridization. The particles were tested for their ability to deliver peptides to the cells using HEK293 and A549 cells. Results show that these particles delivered peptides at about 100% level. These HA-iron oxide nanoparticles are expected to be useful in developing effective tissue and cell targeting systems.
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ABSTRACT: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is often diagnosed when metastatic events have occurred. The early spread of circulating cancer cells expressing the CD44 receptor may play a crucial role in this process. In this study, we have investigated the cellular delivery ability and both in vitro and in vivo anti-tumoural activity of liposomes conjugated with two different low molecular weight hyaluronic acid (HA 4.8kDa and HA 12kDa), the primary ligand of CD44, and containing a lipophilic gemcitabine (GEM) pro-drug. By confocal microscopy and flow cytometry analyses, we demonstrate that the cellular uptake into a highly CD44-expressing pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell line is higher with HA-conjugated (12kDa>4.8kDa) than non-conjugated liposomes. Consistently, in vitro cytotoxic assays display an increased sensitivity towards GEM containing HA-liposomes, compared to non-conjugated liposomes. Conversely, CD44 non-expressing normal cells show a similar uptake and in vitro cytotoxicity with both HA-conjugated and non-conjugated liposomes. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the HA-liposomes are taken up into the cells via lipid raft-mediated endocytosis. All the liposome formulations containing GEM show a higher antitumoral activity than free GEM in a mouse xenograft tumour model of human pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The 12kDa HA-liposomes have the strongest efficiency, while non-conjugated liposomes and the 4.8kDa HA-liposomes are similarly active. Taken together, our results provide a strong rationale for further development of HA-conjugated liposomes to treat pancreatic adenocarcinoma.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 02/2013; 1828(5). DOI:10.1016/j.bbamem.2013.01.020 · 4.66 Impact Factor
- Smart Nanoparticles Technology, 04/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-51-0500-8
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ABSTRACT: The specific properties of nanoscale particles, large surface-to-mass ratios and highly reactive surfaces, have increased their commercial application in many fields. However, the same properties are also important for the interaction and bioaccumulation of the nonbiodegradable nanoscale particles in a biological system and are a cause for concern. Hematite (α-Fe₂O₃), being a mineral form of Fe(III) oxide, is one of the most used iron oxides besides magnetite. The aim of our study was the characterization and comparison of biophysical reactivity and toxicological effects of α-Fe₂O₃ nano- (d < 100 nm) and microscale (d < 5 μm) particles in human lung cells. Our study demonstrates that the surface reactivity of nanoscale α-Fe₂O₃ differs from that of microscale particles with respect to the state of agglomeration, radical formation potential, and cellular toxicity. The presence of proteins in culture medium and agglomeration were found to affect the catalytic properties of the hematite nano- and microscale particles. Both the nano- and microscale α-Fe₂O₃ particles were actively taken up by human lung cells in vitro, although they were not found in the nuclei and mitochondria. Significant genotoxic effects were only found at very high particle concentrations (> 50 μg/ml). The nanoscale particles were slightly more potent in causing cyto- and genotoxicity as compared with their microscale counterparts. Both types of particles induced intracellular generation of reactive oxygen species. This study underlines that α-Fe₂O₃ nanoscale particles trigger different toxicological reaction pathways than microscale particles. However, the immediate environment of the particles (biomolecules, physiological properties of medium) modulates their toxicity on the basis of agglomeration rather than their actual size.Toxicological Sciences 03/2012; 126(1):173-82. DOI:10.1093/toxsci/kfs014 · 4.48 Impact Factor