Antimicrobial activity of a series of thiosemicarbazones and their Zn(II) and Pd(II) complexes.

Department of Chemistry, Istanbul University, Avcilar, Istanbul, Turkey.
Folia Microbiologica (Impact Factor: 0.79). 02/2007; 52(1):15-25. DOI: 10.1007/BF02932132
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Thirty-four thiosemicarbazones and S-alkyl thiosemicarbazones, and some of their Zn(II) and Pd(II) complexes were obtained and purified to investigate antimicrobial activity. MIC values of the compounds were determined by the disc diffusion method against Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi, Shigella flexneri, Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis, and Candida albicans. The thiosemicarbazones show antibacterial and antifungal effects in free ligand and metal-complex form. Picolinaldehyde-S-methyl- and -S-benzylthiosemicarbazones did not affect the tested microorganisms but their Zn(II) complexes showed selective activity. The antimicrobial activity is relatively high in Me2SO, but the antimicrobial potential is changed in a certain range with Me2SO, HCONMe2, EtOH and CHCl3.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The palladium(II) bis-chelate complexes of the type [Pd(TSC(1-5))2] (6-10), with their corresponding ligands 4-phenyl-1-(acetone)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC(1) (1), 4-phenyl-1-(2'-chloro-benzaldehyde)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC(2) (2), 4-phenyl-1-(3'-hydroxy-benzaldehyde)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC(3) (3), 4-phenyl-1-(2'-naphthaldehyde)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC(4) (4), and 4-phenyl-1-(1'-nitro-2'-naphthaldehyde)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC(5) (5), were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and spectroscopic techniques (IR and (1)H- and (13)C-NMR). The molecular structure of HTSC(3), HTSC(4), and [Pd(TSC(1))2] (6) have been determined by single crystal X-ray crystallography. Complex 6 shows a square planar geometry with two deprotonated ligands coordinated to Pd(II) through the azomethine nitrogen and thione sulfur atoms in a cis arrangement. The in vitro cytotoxic activity measurements indicate that the palladium(II) complexes (IC50 = 0.01-9.87 μM) exhibited higher antiproliferative activity than their free ligands (IC50 = 23.48-70.86 and >250 μM) against different types of human tumor cell lines. Among all the studied palladium(II) complexes, the [Pd(TSC(3))2] (8) complex exhibited high antitumor activity on the DU145 prostate carcinoma and K562 chronic myelogenous leukemia cells, with low values of the inhibitory concentration (0.01 and 0.02 μM, resp.).
    Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications 01/2013; 2013:524701. · 1.17 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A new cis-palladium(II)diaqua(3,4-difluoroacetophenonethiosemicarbazone complex (Pd(II) complex) is synthesized using 3,4-difluoroacetophenonethiosemicarbazone(L). The L and its Pd(II) complex are characterized and confirmed by elemental analyses, electrochemical analyses, FT-IR, FT-Raman, UV-Vis, HRMS and LC-MS techniques. Ligand L is further characterized by (1)H, (13)C and (19)F NMR spectroscopy. The crystal structure of L is unambiguously characterized by single X-ray crystallography. The ligand (L) belongs to monoclinic system with P2(1)/C space group and the unit cell parameters are a(Å)=9.1144(7), b(Å)=13.7928(7), c(Å)=8.4174(5), α(°)=90, β(°)=100.715, γ(°)=90 and volume V(A(3))=1039.73(11). The Raman bands observed for the L and its Pd(II) complex are in good agreement with the FT-IR spectral data. The Pd(II) complex is found to be highly efficient in inhibiting the growth of human pathogens like Salmonella typhimurium and Klebsiella pneumonia with MIC value 10.0μg/mL whose inhibition zones are almost comparable with the standard antibiotic. The synthesized compounds have shown antiproliferative activity against the human breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB231 by intermitting the regular pathway of ribonucleotidereductase.
    Spectrochimica Acta Part A Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 07/2013; 115C:583-587. · 1.98 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Reaction of dibutyltin dichloride, dimethyltin dichloride, and tributyltin chloride with ligands derived from thiosemicarbazone and semicarbazone leads to the formation of a new series of organotin(IV) complexes of general formula R2SnCl2·L and R3SnCl·L (where L ligands derived from the condensation of thiosemicarbazide and semicarbazide with 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde). The authenticity of these ligands and their metal complexes have been established on the basis of elemental analysis, conductance measurements, molecular weight determinations, infrared, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, 119Sn NMR, and UV spectral studies. These studies showed that the ligands coordinate to the metal atom in a bidentate. An octahedral structure is proposed for the organotin(IV) complexes. The ligands and its metal complexes are screened for their antimicrobial activities against some Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, and fungus. The studies demonstrated that metalation can increase the antimicrobial activity rather than the free ligands.
    Research on Chemical Intermediates 01/2012; · 1.54 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 23, 2014