Effects of direct stenting on epicardial and myocardial perfusion in patients with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction.

3rd Department and Division of Cardiology, Silesian Medical University, Silesian Centre for Heart Diseases, Zabrze, Poland.
Kardiologia polska (Impact Factor: 0.54). 06/2007; 65(5):503-12; discussion 513-4.
Source: PubMed


Results of studies comparing direct stenting (DS) with conventional stenting (CS) after balloon predilatation in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) have been reported in the past, however they are conflicting. There are only few randomised studies that aim to answer whether DS improves epicardial and myocardial patency.
To assess the effects of DS on epicardial and myocardial patency in patients with acute MI.
Consecutive patients with acute MI were randomised either to DS or CS strategy. Clinical exclusion criteria were as follows: clinical and electrocardiographic features of reperfusion, pulmonary oedema, cardiogenic shock, contradictions to coronarography, allergy to aspirin, ticlopidine, clopidogrel, heparin and stainless steel. Angiographic exclusion criteria were as follows: lesion <50% with correct patency in the infarct-related artery (IRA), lesion in the left main coronary artery, previously performed percutaneous coronary intervention in the target vessel, diameter of the IRA <2 mm or >4 mm. We assessed epicardial patency according to the TIMI (thrombolysis in myocardial infarction) scale and myocardial patency according to the TMPG (TIMI myocardial perfusion grade) scale. In addition, we analysed ST segment resolution in 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG). The ECG was performed before and 30 minutes after PCI.
We analysed 300 consecutive patients with acute ST segment elevation MI. After exclusion of patients not suitable for the study design, the DS group comprised 110 patients and the CS group - 107 patients. Clinical and angiographic results were similar in both groups. Initial TIMI 0 (48.2% vs. 43.0%), initial TIMI 3 (31.8% vs. 28.0%), initial TMPG 0-1 (77.3% vs. 78.5%), final TIMI 3 (95.5% vs. 93.5%) and final TMPG 2-3 (68.2% vs. 60.8%) were similar in the DS and CS groups, respectively (p=NS). The incidence of no-reflow phenomenon was comparable in both groups (4.5% vs. 6.5%, NS). The inclusive rate of no-reflow phenomenon plus worsening patency in the IRA were 6.4% vs. 10.3% in the DS and CS groups respectively. The ST segment resolution > or = 50% was 58.1% in the DS group and 56.1% in the CS group (NS).
Direct stenting does not significantly improve epicardial and myocardial patency in an unselected group of patients with acute ST segment elevation MI.

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    ABSTRACT: Background: There is certain experimental and clinical evidence indicating that the covering of bare metal stents (BMS) with drug eluting polymers to produce drug eluting stents (DES) results in increased stent stiffness and modifies the mechanical properties of the stent platform. In addition, it has been speculated that the mechanical performance of DES, compared to BMS, may be related to the type of polymer used to cover stents. Aim: We aimed at evaluating the deliverability of DES with a lactate based biodegradable polymer and BMS in patients with stable coronary artery disease in a prospective randomised study. Methods: One hundred eleven consecutive patients (age: 36-77, mean 58.8 years) scheduled for routine angioplasty due to stable coronary disease were randomised to receive BMS (Chopin II(TM), Balton, Poland) or paclitaxel eluting stent (Chopin Luc(TM), Balton, Poland) using the same metal platform. Only patients scheduled for angioplasty using the direct implantation technique of a single stent were randomised. The exclusion criteria included patients 〉 80 years, multivessel disease and reference diameter of the target vessel 〉 3.5 mm. Results: In the BMS group (n = 55; 35 males and 20 females), the mean diameter of implanted stents was 3.09 ± 0.40 and the mean length was 11.37 ± 2.80, whereas in the DES group (n = 56; 34 males and 22 females) the mean stent sizes were 3.02 ± 0.34 and 17.90 ± 7.38 mm, respectively (p 〉 0.05 for length). The groups did not significantly differ regarding the frequency of stent implantation to particular coronary vessels. The direct stenting technique was attempted and failed, leading to the stents' implantation after predilatation in five patients in the BMS group and six patients in the DES group. Failure of stent implantation and subsequent implantation of another stent type was observed in no BMS patients and in one DES patient (NS). Conclusions: Although stent covering with lactate based drug eluting polymer may increase its stiffness, it does not affect its deliverability in patients with stable coronary disease.
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