Benefit of a hospital course about organ donation and transplantation: an evaluation by Spanish hospital transplant personnel.
ABSTRACT A considerable percentage of hospital personnel are against organ donation, which at a crucial time could act as an obstacle to donation. Moreover, there is often a lack of training of personnel necessary for them to provide accurate information about organ donation and transplantation. Our objective was to determine the acceptability of a training course about organ donation among hospital workers in a center with an ongoing solid organ transplant program.
A random sample (n = 1168) was stratified by type of service and job category among workers in hospital services within an organ transplant program. An evaluation was made of attitudes toward donation and acceptance of a training course using a validated psychosocial questionnaire. Distribution of the survey was made by the head of each service and job category. The survey was completed anonymously and self-administered.
Sixty-nine percent (n = 808) of respondents were in favor of donating their own organs. With respect to the benefit of a training course about organ donation and transplantation, 50% (n = 584) of respondents considered it to be a useful idea, whereas 15% (n = 176) did not, and 35% (n = 408) were not sure. An important finding was that 56% (n = 452) of those who are in favor of donation would take part in the course compared to only 37% (n = 132) of those who were against or undecided. There was a significant relationship between those workers who believed that the training course will be of use and the following factors: younger age (P = .000); women (P = .000); single (P = .000); nursing job category (P = .000); a temporary contract (P = .012); a worker in nonsurgical services (P = .000); prior understanding of the concept of brain death (P = .003); favoring cadaveric organ donation (P = .000); performing pro-social voluntary type activities (P = .000); discussions of organ donation and transplantation within the family (P = .022); Catholic religion (P = .001); a partner in favor of organ donation and transplantation (P = .001); and a belief that he may need a transplant (P = .000).
A training course about organ donation and transplantation might be useful given that only half of the workers would be prepared to take part and with respect to the target population, only 37% of them stating that they would participate. Its main use would be to reinforce the positive attitude of those who are already in favor and increase their knowledge about the subject. What is more, if these workers received adequate training they would serve to promote donation both directly and indirectly to the general public and other hospital personnel.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We sought to evaluate the information, attitude, and behaviors toward organ donation among health workers in the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey. This descriptive study was performed between December 2008 and November 2009. It involved 1,545 health personnel in 8 state hospitals in the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey, excluding the university hospitals in the towns of Trabzon, Rize, Gümüşhane, and Giresun. Educational seminars regarding organ transplantation and donation were arranged for the hospitals in the study. Questionnaires on the subject distributed to the participants were collected before the seminars began. They contained questions about occupation, gender, age, previous organ donation, whether the person would consider donating if they had not already volunteered (if not, the reasons why), whether any relatives had volunteered to donate organs, whether anyone close to them had volunteered to donate organs, whether they would donate organs in the event of a relative's death, and what they might think if they were to require an organ transplant. Following the seminars, participants were given the opportunity to obtain organ donation cards from a stand on site. Data were analyzed using the chi-square test. Eighty-one participants (5.2%), including 46 women (5.2%) and 35 men (5.3%), had previously officially volunteered to donate organs (P = .875). One hundred thirty-seven health personnel were willing to donate organs by visiting the donation stand after the seminars. The main reasons for participants who had not volunteered to donate organs failing to do so were lack of information about donation and procedures (28.4%), lack of interest in the subject (23.2%), and Islamic religious beliefs and/or traditions (19.6%). One hundred eighty health personnel (11.7%) had family members or relatives who had volunteered to donate organs. Asked whether they would donate that person's organs in the event of the death of a relative, 93 doctors (67.6%), 225 nonphysician health personnel (41.1%), and 345 other participants (43.1%) stated that they would not (P < .0005). Health workers play a key role to overcome the difficulties encountered regarding organ donation. This study showed the need for constant effective education seminars to enhance knowledge and sensitivity on the part of health workers.Transplantation Proceedings 04/2011; 43(3):773-7. · 0.95 Impact Factor
- Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - J ORAL MAXILLOFAC SURG. 01/2011; 69(9).
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The culture of organ and tissue donation is not particularly well established among the general population, who often receive incorrect, incomplete information. Unfortunately, even among health workers not directly involved in the field of transplantation (laypersons), there is a poor level of knowledge concerning the underlying principles, mechanisms, and results. To increase lay health workers' knowledge and awareness of the importance of donation and transplantation, we organized an educational session for (nurses, doctors, healthcare workers, technicians, and other professionals) at a hospital coordinating service in Turin. The project was divided into 3 phases: first (February 2010), we performed an initial survey using an instrument containing 18 questions. We sought to assess the level of awareness of hospital personnel. Among 880 distributed questionnaires, 346 were compiled and returned to the authors (39.31%). During the second phase, covering the following 24 months, we held 15 educational courses on the subject of transplantation for 483 participants. In the third and last phase (February 2012), we performed a second survey, distributing, 785 questionnaires identical to the previous one, among which 404 were compiled and returned (51.46%).Transplantation Proceedings 09/2013; 45(7):2587-90. · 0.95 Impact Factor