Validation of primary epitheloid cell cultures isolated from bovine placental caruncles and cotyledons.
ABSTRACT In order to study feto-maternal interactions in the bovine synepitheliochorial placenta primary cell cultures of both placentomal components throughout pregnancy, namely caruncular epithelial cells and trophoblast cells were developed. The aim of this study was to validate and improve a method to culture caruncular epithelial cells and fetal trophoblast from manually separated placentomes. Prior to seeding the presence of fetal cells in caruncular samples and vice-versa could be demonstrated by the detection of the Y-chromosome via fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) provided the fetus was male. Epitheloid shaped cells present in both cultures (cotyledon and caruncle) were characterized on a morphological basis as well as by immunofluorescence and Western blot thereby detecting cytokeratin, zonula occludens-1 and vimentin but not alpha-smooth muscle actin and desmin. The absence of the Y-chromosome demonstrated the caruncular origin of epitheloid cells. In addition, a population of polygonally shaped cells derived from the cotyledon was propagated and displayed the same cytoskeletal characteristics as described above. The presence of the Y-chromosome confirmed the fetal origin of these cells and the lacking uptake of fluorescence conjugated low density lipoprotein, specific for endothelial cells, identified polygonally shaped cells as fetal trophoblast cells. In conclusion, the cross-contamination of maternal and fetal cells in manually separated placentomes should be considered in future experiments as it may lead to false positive results dependent on the sensitivity of the method applied. This study highlights the importance of an appropriate cell characterization and identification, especially when isolating primary cells.
Article: The V 2 Transition RatioJournal of The American College of Cardiology - J AMER COLL CARDIOL. 01/2011; 57(22):2255-2262.
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ABSTRACT: Drug treatment is critical in pregnant cows due to the possibility of a maternal-to-fetal drug transfer across the placenta. Since the (syn)epitheliochorial bovine placental barrier includes an intact uterine epithelium, which in general limits drug transfer to the fetal trophoblast, the establishment of a species- and organ-specific in vitro model like the bovine caruncular epithelial cell line 1 (BCEC-1) for testing bovine placental drug transport is desirable. P-glycoprotein (P-gp or ABCB1) is an important efflux carrier that limits drug permeability across blood-tissue barriers such as the placenta and transports a wide range of structurally unrelated compounds including many drugs commonly used in veterinary medicine. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the suitability of BCEC-1 as an appropriate in vitro model for P-gp mediated drug transport in the bovine placenta. P-gp mRNA expression was detected by RT-PCR in BCEC-1 and placental tissue. Additionally, the carrier protein was localised in the apical membrane of BCEC-1 by immunofluorescence staining with the mouse monoclonal antibody C494. Drug transport in BCEC-1 was investigated by FACS analysis using the fluorescent P-gp substrate Rhodamine 123. Inhibition of Rhodamine 123 efflux by the P-gp inhibitors Verapamil and PSC833 confirmed functional expression of P-gp in BCEC-1. Furthermore, transport measurements in the transwell-system revealed a basal-to-apical net flux of the P-gp substrate digoxin at concentrations ranging from 10nM to 10 μM. This transwell digoxin flux was inhibited by Verapamil. In conclusion, P-gp is functionally expressed in BCEC-1 and mediates a basal-to-apical flux of digoxin indicating dominant apical localization of P-gp in this cell culture model. Therefore, BCEC-1 may be an appropriate in vitro model to study drug transport across the maternal epithelium as part of the epitheliochorial placental barrier of the cow.Placenta 02/2011; 32(2):146-52. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: It is well established that trophoblasts play a crucial role in pregnancy establishment and maintenance through production of various biological substances. In this regard, Wnt signaling is an important regulator of embryo implantation and placentation in various species. However, the role of the Wnt signaling pathway during bovine placental development has remained largely unknown. Employing multiple approaches, we herein found that Wnt2 mRNA was more abundant in cotyledon tissues compared with caruncle tissues, whereas Wnt5b mRNA was more abundant in caruncle tissues compared with cotyledon tissues. Moreover, the Wnt receptor Fzd4 was detected in caruncle epithelial cells and binucleate trophoblasts, but not in uninucleate trophoblasts. In addition, β-catenin, an integral cell-cell adhesion adaptor protein as well as transcriptional co-regulator of Wnt canonical pathway, was spatiotemporally expressed in bovine trophoblasts, with high levels of cellular accumulation and nuclear translocation, particularly in binucleate trophoblasts. Lymphoid enhancer factor-1 mRNA was more abundant in caruncle tissues compared with cotyledon tissues, which was well correlated with the expression profile of Dickkopf-1, a secreted antagonist of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. These results provided new evidence that precisely regulated canonical Wnt activation may have a very important physiological role during fetal-maternal recognition and pregnancy maintenance in cattle.Theriogenology 09/2013; · 2.08 Impact Factor