Validation of primary epitheloid cell cultures isolated from bovine placental caruncles and cotyledons.
ABSTRACT In order to study feto-maternal interactions in the bovine synepitheliochorial placenta primary cell cultures of both placentomal components throughout pregnancy, namely caruncular epithelial cells and trophoblast cells were developed. The aim of this study was to validate and improve a method to culture caruncular epithelial cells and fetal trophoblast from manually separated placentomes. Prior to seeding the presence of fetal cells in caruncular samples and vice-versa could be demonstrated by the detection of the Y-chromosome via fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) provided the fetus was male. Epitheloid shaped cells present in both cultures (cotyledon and caruncle) were characterized on a morphological basis as well as by immunofluorescence and Western blot thereby detecting cytokeratin, zonula occludens-1 and vimentin but not alpha-smooth muscle actin and desmin. The absence of the Y-chromosome demonstrated the caruncular origin of epitheloid cells. In addition, a population of polygonally shaped cells derived from the cotyledon was propagated and displayed the same cytoskeletal characteristics as described above. The presence of the Y-chromosome confirmed the fetal origin of these cells and the lacking uptake of fluorescence conjugated low density lipoprotein, specific for endothelial cells, identified polygonally shaped cells as fetal trophoblast cells. In conclusion, the cross-contamination of maternal and fetal cells in manually separated placentomes should be considered in future experiments as it may lead to false positive results dependent on the sensitivity of the method applied. This study highlights the importance of an appropriate cell characterization and identification, especially when isolating primary cells.
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ABSTRACT: Progesterone (P4) production by the bovine placenta differs from that of other steroidogenic tissue in two important respects: 1) it is calcium-dependent but cyclic nucleotide-independent and 2) it is suppressed by an endogenous inhibitor for most of the life span of the placenta. This natural refractory state of the placenta can be overcome in in vitro incubations of fetal cotyledon cells by agents that increase intracellular calcium (3-isobutylmethylxanthine [MIX], calcium ionophore (A23187), addition of substrate (pregnenolone, hydroxycholesterol), and stimulators of protein kinase C (PKC) such as phorbol ester (TPA). We therefore tested, in cultures of cotyledonary cells, two compounds that have been reported to inhibit protein kinases: 1) staurosporine (STA), an inhibitor of PKC, cAMP-dependent kinase, tyrosine kinase (TK), and the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor TK, and 2) genistein, an inhibitor of TK. It was found that STA stimulated steroidogenesis in a dose-dependent manner in both the absence and presence of added calcium. STA (10(-9) M) stimulated at least a twofold increase in P4 production by cultured fetal cotyledon cells throughout the first half of gestation (50-130 days). EGF was also found to cause a twofold stimulation of P4 production, and the effect was additive to that of STA. Both basal and EGF- or STA-stimulated production were inhibited by genistein. In contrast, two inhibitors of PKC and PKA (H-7, H-8) had no effect on P4 production. We conclude that STA-induced steroidogenesis in the bovine placenta is not related to its reported ability to inhibit PKC, TK, or EGF receptor TK.Biology of Reproduction 08/1994; 51(1):146-51. · 4.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Endometrial epithelial cell cultures were established from bovine uterine tissue collected during the oestrous cycle from commercially slaughtered animals. These cells were shown to express moderately high levels of oxytocin receptors (OTR) (up to 30000 per cell) after about one week in culture. These receptors have been characterized at the molecular, pharmacological and functional level and shown to be identical to those expressed in the bovine endometrium in vivo. Preliminary experiments to investigate the regulation of the OTR and its gene using this system, have shown that expression is to a large degree constitutive, the receptors being spontaneously upregulated during culture. Sex steroids at concentrations close to or above the serum limits observed in vivo appeared to have no effect, although the cells were shown to express mRNA for the specific steroid receptors throughout culture. Only the blastocyst product, interferon-tau, showed a significant effect, downregulating both OTR and their gene transcripts in the cultured endometrial epithelial cells. Although more extensive studies are necessary, these results support the view that the OTR gene is controlled in part at least by a combination of constitutive and inhibitory elements.Human Reproduction Update 4(5):605-14. · 8.85 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Appropriate integrin expression appears to be necessary for successful implantation of human embryos and varies considerably among species. The present study was undertaken to determine the distributions of integrin subunits alpha(1), alpha(3), and alpha(6) as well as the extracellular matrix (ECM) components collagen IV and laminin in implanting bovine trophoblast and endometrium. Immunohistochemical staining of cryostat sections prepared from nonpregnant endometrium, of preattachment through to early villus development pregnant endometrium (Days 18, 21, 24, and 30), and of isolated trophoblast binucleate cells was performed. Trophoblast down-regulated the integrin alpha(1) subunit as attachment proceeded, whereas reactivity scores for alpha(6) antibody tended to increase from Day 18 through 24 and remained high. A subpopulation of trophoblast binucleate cells expressed the alpha(3) integrin subunit. Uterine epithelium constitutively expressed alpha(3) and alpha(6) integrin subunits, but the alpha(1) subunit was down-regulated as the luminal epithelium was modified. Collagen IV and laminin reactivity increased in the basal lamina and underlying subepithelial stroma as pregnancy proceeded. The results suggest that binucleate cell fusion with the maternal epithelium initiates integrin and ECM changes in the subepithelial stroma.Biology of Reproduction 06/2002; 66(5):1430-6. · 4.03 Impact Factor