A new multi-clade DNA prime/recombinant MVA boost vaccine induces broad and high levels of HIV-1-specific CD8(+) T-cell and humoral responses in mice.
ABSTRACT The results presented here are from the preclinical evaluation in BALB/c mice of a DNA prime/modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA) boost multi-gene multi-subtype human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) vaccine intended for use in humans. The plasmid DNA vaccine was delivered intradermally using a Biojector, and the MVA was delivered intramuscularly by needle. This combination of recombinant DNA and MVA proved to induce extraordinarily strong cellular responses, with more than 80% of the CD8(+) T cells specific for HIV-1 antigens. Furthermore, we show that the DNA priming increases the number of T-cell epitopes recognized after the MVA boost. In the prime/boost-immunized animals, a significant proportion of CD8(+) T cells were stained positive for both interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and interleukin-2 (IL-2), a feature that has been associated with control of HIV-1 infection in long-term non-progressors. The HIV-1-specific antibody levels were moderate after the plasmid DNA immunizations but increased dramatically after the MVA boost. Although the initial injection of MVA induced significant levels of vaccinia-neutralizing antibodies, the HIV-specific responses were still significantly boosted by the second MVA immunization. The results from this study demonstrate the potency of this combination of DNA plasmids and MVA construct to induce broad and high levels of immune responses against several HIV-1 proteins of different subtypes.
Article: Highly potent delivery method of gp160 envelope vaccine combining lentivirus-like particles and DNA electrotransfer.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Particulate antigen assemblies in the nanometer range and DNA plasmids are particularly interesting for designing vaccines. We hypothesised that a combination of these approaches could result in a new delivery method of gp160 envelope HIV-1 vaccine which could combine the potency of virus-like particles (VLPs) and the simplicity of use of DNA vaccines. Characterisation of lentivirus-like particles (lentiVLPs) by western blot, dynamic light scattering and electron microscopy revealed that their protein pattern, size and structure make them promising candidates for HIV-1 vaccines. Although all particles were similar with regard to size and distribution, they clearly differed in p24 capsid protein content suggesting that Rev may be required for particle maturation and Gag processing. In vivo, lentiVLP pseudotyping with the gp160 envelope or with a combination of gp160 and VSV-G envelopes did not influence the magnitude of the immune response but the combination of lentiVLPs with Alum adjuvant resulted in a more potent response. Interestingly, the strongest immune response was obtained when plasmids encoding lentiVLPs were co-delivered to mice muscles by electrotransfer, suggesting that lentiVLPs were efficiently produced in vivo or the packaging genes mediate an adjuvant effect. DNA electrotransfer of plasmids encoding lentivirus-like particles offers many advantages and appears therefore as a promising delivery method of HIV-1 vaccines.Journal of Controlled Release 01/2012; 159(3):376-83. · 5.73 Impact Factor