Open trial of family-based treatment for full and partial anorexia nervosa in adolescence: evidence of successful dissemination.
ABSTRACT There is a paucity of evidence-based interventions for anorexia nervosa (AN). An innovative family-based treatment (FBT), developed at the Maudsley Hospital and recently put in manual form, has shown great promise for adolescents with AN. Unlike traditional treatment approaches, which promote sustained autonomy around food, FBT temporarily places the parents in charge of weight restoration. This aim of this open trial was to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of delivering FBT at a site beyond the treatment's origin and manualization.
Twenty adolescents (ages 12-17) with AN or subthreshold AN were treated with up to 1 year of FBT using the published treatment manual. Outcome indices included the percentage of ideal body weight, menstrual status, the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) subscales scores, and the Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised score.
Of the 20 patients recruited, 15 (75%) completed a full course of treatment. Intent-to-treat analyses showed significant improvement over time in the percentage of ideal body weight (t = -4.46, p =.000), menstrual status (p =.002), EDE Restraint (z = -3.02, p =.003), EDE Eating Concern (z = -2.10, p =.04), but not in EDE Shape Concern or Weight Concern subscales or Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised score.
This open trial provides evidence that FBT can be successfully disseminated, replicating the high retention rates and significant improvement in the psychopathology of adolescent AN seen at the original sites.
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ABSTRACT: The overlap between anorexia nervosa (AN) and anxiety disorders has led to the development of anxiety-based etiological models of AN and anxiety-based interventions for AN, including exposure treatment. Family-based treatment (FBT) is an efficacious intervention for adolescents with AN; however, it has recently been proposed that FBT accomplishes parent-facilitated exposure and habituation to food and related triggers in the individual's natural environment. FBT was recently altered to include an explicit exposure component that targets the broad construct of anxiety, including fear, worry, and disgust. This case series examines the application of FBT with an exposure component (FBT-E) to a group of adolescents meeting diagnostic criteria for AN (n = 4) and eating disorder not otherwise specified–restricting type (SAN, n = 6). Ten outpatients (ages 12–17, mean age: 15.28) participated in a course of FBT-E. Session-by-session weight was examined, along with BMI at pre- and posttreatment and responses to self-report measures of eating disorder symptoms (Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire; EDE-Q), depression and anxiety. Parent reports of their adolescents' anxiety were also collected. The results of this study provide preliminary evidence that FBT-E may effectively target disordered eating and anxiety symptoms and may be a viable alternative to traditional FBT. Implications and future directions are discussed.Cognitive and Behavioral Practice 11/2013; · 1.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Eating Disorders (ED) are often severe illnesses entailing a heavy burden for families. Family therapy is recommended for young patients, but only a few studies have investigated therapeutic interventions with families tailored also to adult and longstanding patients. We recruited 87 families with daughters affected by an ED, aiming to assess the effectiveness of eight sessions of parent counselling. The primary outcome was the improvement of parents' coping abilities to achieve more effective support skills. Before treatment, 54% of parents showed poor coping resources whereas 43.7% of the sample improved after parent counselling. Parents with good coping resources responded significantly better to this treatment. Although future research is warranted, these preliminary findings support the effectiveness of parent counselling in ED.British Journal of Guidance and Counselling 08/2013; 41(4). · 0.75 Impact Factor