University of California, San Francisco, Nuclear Medicine Program, Department of Radiology and Center for Molecular and Functional Imaging at China Basin, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.
We present a patient with a history of end-stage renal disease, who developed skin lesions in the bilateral calves a month after the initiation of hemodialysis. The lesions were biopsied, and the histological findings were consistent with a diagnosis of calciphylaxis. The patient had a baseline pretreatment bone scan that showed extensive systemic disease. The patient died 20 days after the imaging study. A review of the literature on bone scans and calciphylaxis is presented.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Calciphylaxis is a rare necrotizing calcifying arteriolopathy, with a poor prognosis, for which there is currently no effective treatment. One of the major challenges of the therapy is normalizing the calcium-phosphate balance. Therefore, cinacalcet, which inhibit the production of parathormone by negative feedback, was considered a treatment option to control the evolution of calciphylaxis in a dialysed patient suffering from cholangiocarcinoma. (C) 2008 Elsevier Masson SAS. Tous droits reserves.
La Revue de Médecine Interne 07/2008; 30(2):186-9. DOI:10.1016/j.revmed.2008.04.017 · 1.07 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Calcinosis has long been associated with autoimmune disease and has a distinctive profile in scleroderma, dermatomyositis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and overlap syndromes. However, there have also been a number of case studies of calcific uremic arteriolopathy, or calciphylaxis, described within vessels, including patients with chronic renal insufficiency and several forms of vasculitis. Interestingly, the calciphylaxis associated with vasculitis appears to be unique, although relatively uncommon and is likely secondary to a disruption in the calcium-phosphate-parathyroid hormone axis. However, there appears to be an additional trigger, given that calciphylaxis is seen both in the absence of chronic kidney disease, and in the absence of a deranged calcium-phosphate-parathyroid hormone axis. These additional triggers include a high female predominance, obesity, diabetes and, possibly, warfarin use. In this review, we describe the clinical features of calciphylaxis, particularly in the context of autoimmune disease.
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