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    • "years in Sfax City according to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) guidelines definition [13] "
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) has become one of the major public-health challenges worldwide. Early identification of metabolic complications consist an essential target for youth public health. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of MetS and its components among overweight and obese adolescents. Methods: This cross-sectional study concerned 51 overweight and obese adolescents. Anthropometric assessments, blood pressure measurement and biochemical assessment were done. MetS was defined according to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. All data were collected during one academic school year in 2012 and 2013. Results: The prevalence of the MetS was 21.6%. There was no gender difference in prevalence of MetS (P=0.09). Obese subjects had the highest proportion of MetS than overweight (25% vs. 15.8%; p=0.04). 35.3% of subjects had at least two abnormalities of MetS. Abdominal obesity was the most common individual component of the MetS (91.3 %) followed by low HDL cholesterol (58.8%). Body mass index (BMI), Waist circumference (WC), Waist to hip ratio (WRH) and Neck circumference (NC) had partial positive correlation with Blood pressure (BP), and Triglyceride. Similarly, (BP), Triglyceride and HDL cholesterol were significantly higher in subjects with metabolic syndrome than that of subjects without metabolic syndrome (p < 0.05). Conclusion: MetS is prevalent in our young population in Sfax City. The results of this study will help in planning to control these problems in the future. So we suggest screening programs for secondary school adolescent to control obesity and MetS in Tunisia.
    03/2015; 3(1):1-6. DOI:10.12691/ijcn-3-1-1
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    • "Para la evaluación bioquímica se tomó una muestra de sangre para cuantificar glucosa, insulina y perfil lipidico. La determinación de glucosa, HDL-colesterol (HDL-c) y triacilgliceridos (TAG), se realizó por métodos enzimáticos colorimétricos, la insulina se determinó mediante la técnica de ELISA; en la evaluación de los valores bioquímicos se utilizaron los criterios establecidos por IDF para el SM, los cuales son: HDL-colesterol: <40 mg/dl, Glicemia ≥100 mg/dl, y en el caso de los Triacilgliceridos: ≥110 mg/dl tomando en cuenta los valores de referencia del CIEM (Alberti et al, 2007). "
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this research was to analyze the influence of sugar-sweetened beverage on the presence of individual components of the metabolic syndrome (MS), for this it was selected through non-probability sampling a total of 298 children and adolescents from Maracaibo in Venezuela, divided into two groups, 149 obese and 149 normal weight, between 9-17 years which were evaluated clinical, anthropometric, dietary and biochemically. Significant differences were obtained for all variables except age and basal glycemia, also according to the gender distribution and nutritional status, reflected significant differences in obese body mass index and basal insulin, values being higher in female than males. On the consumption of sugarsweetened beverage, it was observed that 67.2% of the subjects ingested more than one glass/day and 70.6% of obese patients had two or more criteria for MS. In turn, to be distributed in two categories of consumption, 44.8% of subjects with a higher intake of a glass/day presented two criteria. Similarly, the diagnosis was altered to waist circumference, triglycerides and HDL cholesterol in 74.8%; 46.1% and 57.3% respectively, to obese individuals who consume such beverages. When considering the obese people with altered diagnosis to the components of MS, it was obtained a value exceeding 62% in consumption for more than one glass/day. In conclusion, the results indicate that increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverage is associated with more individuals with altered diagnosis of MS components.
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    • "4) Metabolic syndrome: Having central obesity plus ≥ 2 of the following criteria based on the 2007 pediatric International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definition [16] "
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    ABSTRACT: Childhood obesity has become a serious public health threat worldwide due to its many short- and long-term adverse health effects. We assessed the association between weight status and metabolic co-morbidities among South Korean children using nationally representative data. Data from the 2007-2008 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys for 1,526 children aged 10-19 years were used. Logistic regression models were fit to examine the association between weight status [overweight, 85th percentile <= BMI <95th percentile; obese, BMI >=95th percentile; and central obesity, waist circumference >=90th percentile, based on 2007 Korean National Growth Charts] and metabolic outcomes. More obese children had metabolic co-morbidities than normal-weight children (P < 0.05). Boys had higher means BMI than girls, WC, and BP, while girls had higher means of total blood cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol (P < 0.05). Attributable risk of metabolic syndrome was high due to overweight and obesity: 91.1% for central obesity and 29.6% for high TG. Obese children had increased risk of having high BP (adjusted odds ratio (OR): 1.90; 95% CI: 1.05-3.45), dyslipidemia (OR: 6.21; 95% CI: 3.59-10.75), high TG (OR: 6.87; 95% CI: 4.05-11.64), low HDL (OR: 4.46; 95% CI: 2.23-8.89), and >=2 co-morbidities (OR: 26.97; 95% CI: 14.95-48.65) compared to normal-weight subjects, while the associations between weight status and metabolic outcomes were stronger in boys. Obesity was strongly associated with metabolic co-morbidities in South Korean children.
    BMC Public Health 03/2014; 14(1):279. DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-14-279 · 2.26 Impact Factor
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