Detection and analysis of bovine foamy virus infection by an indicator cell line1

Laboratory of Molecular Virology, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China.
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica (Impact Factor: 2.91). 08/2007; 28(7):994-1000. DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-7254.2007.00563.x
Source: PubMed


To determine the infectivity and replication strategy of bovine foamy virus (BFV) in different cultured cells using the BFV indicator cell line (BICL) system.
BFV infection was induced by the co-culture method or the transient transfection of the infectious BFV plasmid [pCMV (cytomegalovirus) - BFV] clone. The infectivity of BFV was monitored by the percentage of green fluorescent protein-positive cells in the BICL. The effect of reverse transcriptase inhibitor zidovudine (AZT) on BFV replication was also evaluated in the BICL.
The titer of BFV in fetal bovine lung cells was 4-5-folds more than that in either 293T or HeLa (Cells from Henrietta lacks) cells using the co-culture method, and in the meantime was significantly higher than that produced by the infectious clone pCMV-BFV in the same cells. AZT had only a minor effect on viral titers when added to cells prior to the virus infection. In contrast, viral titers reduced sharply to the level of the negative control when the virus was produced from cells in the presence of AZT.
BICL can be used for the titration of the BFV viral infection in non-cytopathic condition. In addition, we provide important evidence to show that reverse transcription is essential for BFV replication at a late step of viral infection.

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    ABSTRACT: Indicator cell lines are useful biological tools for monitoring virus infection. In order to monitor infection with bovine immunodeficiency virus (BIV) in vitro, an indicator cell line derived from baby hamster kidney cells which contains integrated copies of an enhanced green fluorescent protein gene driven by the BIV long terminal repeat was constructed. The BIV indicator cell line, designated BIVE, can detect BIV infection more easily and effectively than the established method, which involves the observation of cell cytopathic effects. Furthermore, viral titration using an assay based on the indicator cells is 100 times more sensitive than the assay based on cytopathic effect. The finding that BIV can infect the hamster cell line expands the known host range of BIV in vitro. The BIV indicator cell line could also be used for the evaluation of the inhibitory effect of antiviral agents. The fusion inhibition effect of the heptad repeat 2 region of the BIV envelope protein could also be quantified.
    Journal of virological methods 08/2009; 163(1):25-30. DOI:10.1016/j.jviromet.2009.07.007 · 1.78 Impact Factor


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