Article

High-Throughput Phosphotyrosine Profiling Using SH2 Domains

Raymond and Beverly Sackler Laboratory of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, Department of Genetics and Developmental Biology, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030, USA.
Molecular Cell (Impact Factor: 14.46). 07/2007; 26(6):899-915. DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2007.05.031
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Protein tyrosine phosphorylation controls many aspects of signaling in multicellular organisms. One of the major consequences of tyrosine phosphorylation is the creation of binding sites for proteins containing Src homology 2 (SH2) domains. To profile the global tyrosine phosphorylation state of the cell, we have developed proteomic binding assays encompassing nearly the full complement of human SH2 domains. Here we provide a global view of SH2 domain binding to cellular proteins based on large-scale far-western analyses. We also use reverse-phase protein arrays to generate comprehensive, quantitative SH2 binding profiles for phosphopeptides, recombinant proteins, and entire proteomes. As an example, we profiled the adhesion-dependent SH2 binding interactions in fibroblasts and identified specific focal adhesion complex proteins whose tyrosine phosphorylation and binding to SH2 domains are modulated by adhesion. These results demonstrate that high-throughput comprehensive SH2 profiling provides valuable mechanistic insights into tyrosine kinase signaling pathways.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Piers D Nash, Jul 05, 2015
1 Follower
 · 
460 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cell signaling depends on dynamic protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks, often assembled through modular domains each interacting with multiple peptide motifs. This complexity raises a conceptual challenge, namely to define whether a particular cellular response requires assembly of the complete PPI network of interest or can be driven by a specific interaction. To address this issue, we designed variants of the Grb2 SH2 domain ("pY-clamps") whose specificity is highly biased toward a single phosphotyrosine (pY) motif among many potential pYXNX Grb2-binding sites. Surprisingly, directing Grb2 predominantly to a single pY site of the Ptpn11/Shp2 phosphatase, but not other sites tested, was sufficient for differentiation of the essential primitive endoderm lineage from embryonic stem cells. Our data suggest that discrete connections within complex PPI networks can underpin regulation of particular biological events. We propose that this directed wiring approach will be of general utility in functionally annotating specific PPIs.
    Molecular Cell 06/2014; 54(6):1034–1041. DOI:10.1016/j.molcel.2014.05.002 · 14.46 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tyrosine phosphorylation of proteins was discovered in 1979, but this posttranslational modification had been "invented" by evolution more than a billion years ago in single-celled eukaryotic organisms that were the antecedents of the first multicellular animals. Because sophisticated cell-cell communication is a sine qua non for the existence of multicellular organisms, the development of cell-surface receptor systems that use tyrosine phosphorylation for transmembrane signal transduction and intracellular signaling seems likely to have been a crucial event in the evolution of metazoans. Like all types of protein phosphorylation, tyrosine phosphorylation serves to regulate proteins in multiple ways, including causing electrostatic repulsion and inducing allosteric transitions, but the most important function of phosphotyrosine (P.Tyr) is to serve as a docking site that promotes a specific interaction between a tyrosine phosphorylated protein and another protein that contains a P.Tyr-binding domain, such as an SH2 or PTB domain. Such docking interactions are essential for signal transduction downstream from receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) on the cell surface, which are activated on binding a cognate extracellular ligand, and, as a consequence, elicit specific cellular outcomes.
    Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in biology 05/2014; 6(5). DOI:10.1101/cshperspect.a020644 · 8.23 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Unveiling of cancer genomes is unleashing new therapeutic strategies for cancer. With cancer parts lists in hand, new approaches to personalized medicine can be developed by understanding the assembly of cancer machines using modular domains in proteins and their associated networks. Using the Src-homology-2 (SH2) domain as an example, new profiling approaches can discern global patterns of tyrosine phosphorylation in cancer cells that can enable molecular cancer medicine. Identifying and quantifying protein-protein interactions also has the potential to subtype tumors and guide clinical decision making. These approaches should extend the impact of genomics through viewing the architecture of cancer systems and improve predictions of patient outcome and therapeutic response, as well as guide combination therapy approaches that attack cancer systems.
    FEBS letters 05/2012; 586(17):2580-5. DOI:10.1016/j.febslet.2012.04.036 · 3.34 Impact Factor

Similar Publications