Neuroimaging of neonatal encephalopathies.
ABSTRACT Neonatal brain disorders consist of a wide chapter including brain malformations, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), intracranial infections, perinatal trauma and metabolic encephalopathy. We will focus here on HIE, intracranial infections (especially materno-fetal infection with or without prolonged and/or premature rupture of membranes) and metabolic encephalopathy, those three conditions being the most frequent so far in our experience. Neonatal stroke is also analyzed. Moreover minor perinatal events might be superimposed on an already damaged (infective, edematous, metabolically abnormal or maldeveloped) brain, highlighting the main role and potential benefits of neuroimaging during the neonatal period. The different methods of brain imaging are thus reported with their advantages and disadvantages.