Article

Multiple roles for acetylation in the interaction of p300 HAT with ATF-2

Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 725 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA.
Biochemistry (Impact Factor: 3.19). 08/2007; 46(28):8207-16. DOI: 10.1021/bi7000054
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The transcriptional coactivator paralogues p300 and CBP contain acetyltransferase domains (HAT) and catalyze the lysine acetylation of histones and other proteins as an important aspect of their functions. Prior studies revealed that the basic leucine zipper domain (b-ZIP) of transcription factor ATF-2 (also called CRE-BP1) can interact with the CBP HAT domain. In this study, we have examined the ATF-2 b-ZIP interaction with the p300 HAT domain and shown that p300 HAT autoacetylation can enhance the binding affinity. Pull-down assays revealed that hyperacetylated p300 HAT is more efficiently retained by immobilized ATF-2 b-ZIP than hypoacetylated p300 HAT. Loop deleted p300 HAT lacking autoacetylation was retained about as well as hyperacetylated p300 HAT, suggesting that the loop and ATF-2 compete for p300 HAT binding. While ATF-2 b-ZIP is a weak inhibitor of hypoacetylated p300 HAT acetylation of a histone H4 peptide, hyperacetylated p300 HAT is much more potently inhibited by ATF-2 b-ZIP. Moreover, we showed that ATF-2 b-ZIP could serve as an acetyltransferase substrate for p300 HAT. Using mass spectrometry, two p300 HAT lysine acetylation sites were mapped in ATF-2 b-ZIP. Immunoprecipitation-Western blot analysis with anti-acetyl-lysine antibody revealed that ATF-2 can undergo reversible acetylation in vivo. Mutational analysis of the two ATF-2 b-ZIP acetylation sites revealed their potential contributions to ATF-2-mediated transcriptional activation. Taken together, these studies suggest multiple roles for protein acetylation in the regulation of transcription by p300/CBP and ATF-2.

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    • "A cell could specify different transcriptional programs by controlling the dynamic ratio of ac-p300/p300 through SIRT2. Consistent with this idea, p300 isolated from cells treated with HDAC inhibitors interacts more tightly with p53 (Stiehl et al., 2007) and ATF-2 preferentially interacts with ac-p300 in vitro (Karanam et al., 2007). The dynamics of p300 autoacetylation and deacetylation by SIRT2 provide another level of precision in the fine-tuning of gene regulation programs. "
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