Proposal of progression model for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: clinicopathologic differences between hilar type and peripheral type.
ABSTRACT It is important to clarify the histologic progression of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) in consideration of its origin from the intrahepatic large or small biliary ducts. On the basis of the gross and histologic assessment, we classified 87 cases of ICC smaller than 5 cm in diameter into hilar type (H-ICC, n=38) or peripheral type (P-ICC, n=49) to compare their clinical and histologic features. Biliary dysplasia was observed in 65.8% (25/38) of H-ICC cases, whereas hepatitis virus infection and liver cirrhosis were associated with 46.7% (21/45) and 28.6% (14/49) of P-ICC, respectively. The frequency of perineural invasion, lymph node metastasis, and extrahepatic recurrence of H-ICC was significantly higher than that of P-ICC (P<0.0001, 0.0106, and 0.0279, respectively). H-ICC cases showed frequent vascular invasion and intrahepatic metastasis even with small tumor size, compared with P-ICC cases. H-ICC showed large duct involvement within the tumor, and in the cases of large tumor size, intraductal spread was detected in the tumor periphery. P-ICC of small size contained preserved architecture of the portal tracts. The survival of patients with H-ICC was worse than that of patients with P-ICC (P=0.0121). The independent and best prognostic factor by multivariate analysis was intrahepatic metastasis for H-ICC and lymph node metastasis for P-ICC. Our results suggest that ICCs derived from a different level of biliary ducts were related to different premalignant conditions and different tumor progression. Some ICCs arising from the large biliary duct are likely to exhibit an aggressive course even in cases of small tumor size. The recognition of the above events induces the proper therapy.
Article: Comparative protein expression profiles of hilar and peripheral hepatic cholangiocarcinomas.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Hepatic cholangiocarcinomas are tumors with poor prognosis and with increasing incidence worldwide. The aim of the study was to compare morphological features and protein profiles of hilar and peripheral cholangiocarcinomas. Clinicopathological data were collected from 111 cholangiocarcinomas (59 peripheral and 52 hilar). Protein expression, assessed on tissue samples using tissue microarray and protein array technologies, was compared between both types of tumors and with extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and hepatocholangiocarcinoma. Hilar cholangiocarcinomas were smaller in size (mean: 2.7 vs. 8 cm, p<0.001), were more often well differentiated adenocarcinomas (65% vs. 36% well differentiated, p<0.01) and carried out stronger perineural invasion (83% vs. 42%, p<0.001) than peripheral cholangiocarcinomas. Regarding protein expression, hilar cholangiocarcinomas more often expressed MUC5AC (62% vs. 22%, p<0.0001), Akt2 (54% vs. 27%, p<0.001), CK8 (98% vs. 81%, p<0.005) and annexin II (92% vs. 66%, p<0.001). Interestingly, VEGF A expression was more frequently encountered in peripheral cholangiocarcinoma (69% vs. 25%, p<0.0001) and correlated with increased vascular density. Using protein array antibody, we identified filamin A as significantly overexpressed (>2-fold) in peripheral cholangiocarcinomas. Our results show that hilar and peripheral cholangiocarcinomas display specific protein profiles, especially regarding VEGF expression. This suggests a potential benefit for anti-angiogenic therapies in peripheral hepatic CCs.Journal of Hepatology 05/2009; 51(1):93-101. · 9.26 Impact Factor