2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron-emission tomography in staging, response evaluation, and treatment planning of lymphomas.
ABSTRACT 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron-emission tomography (FDG-PET) is used increasingly in the clinical management of lymphomas. With regard to staging, FDG-PET is more sensitive and specific than conventional staging methods in FDG avid lymphomas (ie, Hodgkin lymphoma and most aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas). Despite methodological problems, in particular the lack of a valid reference test, FDG-PET is approved and generally used for this purpose. With regard to response evaluation, FDG-PET at the end of treatment seems to aid considerably in differentiating between residual masses with or without residual lymphoma. Hence, new revised response criteria have been proposed, incorporating the result of FDG-PET at the end of treatment. An early interim FDG-PET scan after 1 to 3 cycles of chemotherapy is a very strong predictor of outcome, and trials are now in progress testing treatment modifications on this basis. With regard to treatment planning, in the context of combined-modality therapy, radiotherapy for lymphomas is moving toward more conformal techniques reducing the irradiated volume to include only the macroscopic lymphoma. In this situation, accurate imaging is essential, and FDG-PET coregistered with the planning computed tomography (CT) scan is used increasingly. The availability of PET/CT scanners suited for virtual simulation has aided this process. However, clinical data evaluating this technique are at present sparse.
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ABSTRACT: Advances in imaging techniques have allowed more precise staging and better evaluation of the effect of new treatment modalities. The limitations of conventional morphologic imaging techniques are well known. Positron emission tomography (PET) using fluorine-18-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose is now routinely used for initial staging and re-evaluation during or after treatment of Hodgkin's disease and aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), but not in low-grade NHL. In the first part of this review, the relationship between glucose metabolism as measured by PET, pathological findings including histological grade and proliferative activity, and prognosis are analyzed. In the second part, the potential role of PET in the staging and follow-up of low-grade NHL is discussed. Published data indicate that PET may contribute to the management of low-grade follicular NHL.Clinical lymphoma 07/2002; 3(1):56-61. · 3.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical impact of whole-body FDG-PET for the pre-therapeutic evaluation of malignant lymphoma and compared to that of 67Ga-scintigraphy when added to non-RI examinations. We examined 46 patients with malignant lymphoma including 42 newly diagnosed cases and 4 relapsed cases. Whole-body FDG-PET was started 63 minutes after the administration of FDG with ECAT EXACT HR+. The clinical stage of each patient was determined based on the results of a non-RI examination (consisting of physical examination, CT, gastrointestinal studies and bone marrow aspiration), 67Ga planar images and FDG-PET. Discrepant findings were verified based on the response to treatment and the findings of a follow-up examination more than 6 months after treatment. Finally, 152 nodal regions and 19 extranodal tissues were found to be involved by disease. In the 152 nodal lesions, FDG-PET detected 54 nodal lesions in addition to 98 lesions detected by non-RI examinations, whereas 67Ga-scintigraphy detected 14 additional lesions. The sensitivity of non-RI, non-RI + 67Ga and non-RI + FDG was 64.5%, 73.7% and 100.0%, respectively. In 19 extranodal lesions, FDG-PET detected 5 extranodal lesions in addition to 13 lesions detected by non-RI examinations, whereas 67Ga-scintigraphy detected 1 additional lesion. The sensitivity of non-RI, non-RI + 67Ga and non-RI + FDG was 68.4%, 73.7% and 94.7%, respectively. When combining the FDG-PET findings with the non-RI findings, the improvement of the detectability was much higher than that when 67Ga findings were combined to the non-RI findings. For the staging of lymphoma, the non-RI and non-RI + 67Ga findings accurately diagnosed 76.1% and 80.4%, respectively, whereas the non-RI + FDG findings accurately diagnosed 82.6%. Finally, FDG-PET resulted in changes in the clinical management of 8 patients (17.4%). FDG-PET offers more information in addition to the findings of conventional diagnostic methods than 67Ga-scintigraphy in order to accurately detect malignant lymphoma. FDG-PET can therefore play an important role in therapeutic decision making on lymphoma.Annals of Nuclear Medicine 08/2002; 16(5):337-45. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Early-stage Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) has excellent survival rates but carries a high risk of late treatment-related adverse effects. Modern, individualised therapeutic strategies require an accurate determination of the extent of the disease. This study investigated the potential impact of 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose positron emission tomography/computerised tomogrpahy (FDG-PET/CT) in the planning of involved field radiotherapy (IFRT). Thirty patients received staging FDG-PET/CT before therapy, and IFRT after a short course of ABVD (adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine) chemotherapy. IFRT planning was performed using only the CT data from the FDG-PET/CT scan. Later, the IFRT planning was performed anew using the FDG-PET/CT data as basis for contouring. In 20 out of 30 patients, the radiotherapy (RT) course was unaffected by the addition of FDG-PET/CT. FDG-PET/CT would have increased the irradiated volume in seven patients where the volume receiving a minimum of 90% of the target dose was increased by 8-87%. FDG-PET/CT decreased the volume in two patients where the volume was reduced by 18% and 30%. When used for RT planning, FDG-PET/CT results in larger IFRT treatment volumes. If FDG-PET/CT is introduced to RT planning, the method should be accompanied by a change in RT treatment strategy, aiming at more targeted therapy in order to best avoid radiation to normal tissues.European Journal Of Haematology 04/2007; 78(3):206-12. · 2.55 Impact Factor