Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma in the trachea: report of a case.
ABSTRACT Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) is a non-nasopharyngeal undifferentiated carcinoma with prominent lymphoid infiltration. To our knowledge, only two cases of LELC in the trachea have ever been reported. This tumor has a strong association with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), which is especially prevalent in Asians and absent in Caucasians. We report a case of tracheal LELC with EBV-association in a 22-year-old man. The patient was treated with tracheal resection and anastomosis, followed later by adjuvant radiotherapy.
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ABSTRACT: Context.-The World Health Organization has recently recognized lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma, or inflammatory hepatocellular carcinoma, as a variant of hepatocellular carcinoma. Objective.-To identify and characterize the inflammatory hepatocellular carcinomas in our institution from 1988 to the present. Design.-All cases of hepatocellular carcinoma in our institution from 1988 to the present were reviewed and reclassified as lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma and were studied in comparison to appropriately matched controls. Results.-Among the 8 cases of lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma identified, the male to female ratio was 1:3, the mean age was 68.5 years (range, 57-78 years), and all of the cases were seen in noncirrhotic livers. The average numbers of lymphocytes were significantly higher in the cases than in the controls. T cells were predominant, with a uniform distribution of CD4 and CD8 positive cells. Cholangiolar differentiation was seen by K19 positivity as focal in 1 case and diffuse in 2 cases. In situ hybridization for Epstein-Barr virus was negative in all of the cases. Diffuse overexpression of p16 (>75% of cells) was seen in 2 cases, both of which were negative for the presence of transcriptionally active human papilloma virus by in situ hybridization. In our series, 3 of 8 cases (37.5%) showed local recurrence, which was similar to the controls (6 of 18; 33%), P > .99. Although the rate of distant metastases was lower among the cases (12.5%) than the controls (22.2%), the difference was not statistically significant (P > .99). Conclusion.-We present the first series of 8 cases of lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of the liver occurring in patients without cirrhosis and with a female preponderance and the absence of Epstein-Barr virus. Although clinical outcomes were similar to those of controls in our small series, additional data may be required for confirmation.Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine 04/2014; 138(9). DOI:10.5858/arpa.2013-0371-OA · 2.88 Impact Factor