Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma in the trachea: report of a case.
ABSTRACT Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) is a non-nasopharyngeal undifferentiated carcinoma with prominent lymphoid infiltration. To our knowledge, only two cases of LELC in the trachea have ever been reported. This tumor has a strong association with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), which is especially prevalent in Asians and absent in Caucasians. We report a case of tracheal LELC with EBV-association in a 22-year-old man. The patient was treated with tracheal resection and anastomosis, followed later by adjuvant radiotherapy.
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ABSTRACT: Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) of the lung occurs at a higher frequency in Asian compared with Western patients. Its association with Epstein-Barr virus varies among different ethnic groups. Nine patients with primary LELC of the lung treated at a single institution with a multimodality approach comprised of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy are reported. Chemotherapy was comprised of cisplatin, 100 mg/m2, on Day 1 and 5-fluorouracil, 1 g/m2, on Days 2, 3, and 4. Five male and 4 female patients were treated over a 3-year period. Eight patients were non-smokers. Three patients had operable disease. Two of these patients received adjuvant radiotherapy or chemotherapy and remained free of recurrence at 18 and 20 months, respectively; 1 patient received no adjuvant treatment, and palliative chemotherapy was given for subsequent recurrent disease. Six patients had inoperable disease and received palliative chemotherapy +/- radiotherapy. Five patients had distant metastatic disease at presentation. Of the 7 patients who were evaluable for response to chemotherapy, 71.4% had a partial response and 28.6% had progressive disease. One patient who was evaluable for response to radiotherapy achieved a partial response. Primary LELC of the lung has a high rate of systemic metastasis and is highly chemosensitive. A multimodality approach to the management of this disease is recommended.Cancer 10/1998; 83(5):925-9. · 4.90 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a radiosensitive tumor for which there is a high local control rate after radical radiotherapy (RT). However, for patients with locoregionally advanced disease, the rate of distant metastasis is high and the 5-year overall survival rate is poor. A review of retrospective and prospective clinical studies was performed to assess the role of chemotherapy in three settings: metastatic disease; neoadjuvant and/or adjuvant; and concurrent chemotherapy with radiotherapy. Cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy results in a high response rate in patients with metastatic NPC, and a subgroup may achieve long term disease free survival. The use of neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy to treat locoregionally advanced disease has resulted in consistently high response rates, but no randomized trial to date has demonstrated an improvement in overall survival. A recent Head and Neck Intergroup study randomized patients in the United States to receive concurrent chemotherapy (cisplatin) and radiotherapy or radiotherapy only. Although this approach demonstrated significant benefit in overall survival favoring the use of concurrent chemotherapy and radiotherapy, its applicability in geographic areas of high NPC incidence remains to be proven. NPC is a chemosensitive tumor, and patients with metastatic disease have a high response rate. Further prospective studies will define the standard approach to treating locoregionally advanced NPC, which is likely to incorporate into the primary treatment some form of systemic chemotherapy.Cancer 03/1998; 82(6):1003-12. · 4.90 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Lymphoepithelioma (squamous cell carcinoma with associated lymphoid stroma) commonly occurs in the nasopharynx, rarely at other sites. As a result, the clinical course and optimal treatment of nonnasopharyngeal lymphoepithelioma of the head and neck have not been well described. This retrospective study was undertaken to analyze the clinical course of the disease in patients treated at a single institution and to formulate recommendations for treatment based on that experience as well as results reported in the literature. Between 1950 and 1994, 34 patients with nonnasopharyngeal lymphoepithelioma of the head and neck were treated at the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. The patients' medical records were reviewed and their pathologic specimens evaluated. The primary tumor sites were: oropharynx (24 patients), salivary gland (4), laryngohypopharynx (4), and the maxillary sinus/nasal cavity (2). Assessed in accordance with the 1992 American Joint Committee Against Cancer TNM staging system, T classifications were TX-2, T1-7, T2-8, T3-10, and T4-7, and N classifications were N0-8, N1-5, N2-15, and N3-6. Treatment consisted of radiotherapy for 24 patients, excisional biopsy of the primary tumor followed by radiotherapy for 7 patients, and surgery for 3 patients. Of the patients treated with radiotherapy, neck dissections were performed on only two, both of whom had persistent lymph node masses after completing radiotherapy. The median dose delivered to the primary tumor was 65 gray (Gy) (range, 46-78 Gy). The median fraction size was 2.1 Gy (range, 1.6-3.2 Gy). The 5-year actuarial disease specific survival and overall survival rates were 59% and 39%, respectively. The 5-year actuarial local control rate for all patients was 94%. For the irradiated patients, the 5-year regional control rates were 77% overall and 83% within the radiation field. The 5-year actuarial rate of distant metastasis for all patients was 30%. For patients who presented with and without regional adenopathy, the 5-year rates of distant metastasis were 36% and 12%, respectively (P = 0.27). Nonnasopharygeal lymphoepithelioma is a radiosensitive disease. High rates of locoregional tumor control were achieved with radiotherapy at all head and neck sites. The main cause of treatment failure was distant metastasis, which occurred more frequently in patients with lymph node involvement. Radiotherapy is appropriate initial locoregional therapy for patients with this disease. Surgery should be reserved for patients who have persistent disease after completing radiotherapy. Systemic therapy is a reasonable approach for patients who present with regional adenopathy because they have a relatively high rate of distant metastasis.Cancer 05/1998; 82(8):1556-62. · 4.90 Impact Factor