A novel mutation in the PHF8 gene is associated with X-linked mental retardation with cleft lip/cleft palate.
ABSTRACT Recently, two truncating mutations in the PHF8 (plant homeodomain finger protein 8) gene have been found to cause X-linked mental retardation associated with cleft lip/cleft palate (CL/P). One of the truncating mutations was found in the original family with Siderius-Hamel CL/P syndrome where only two of the three affected individuals had mental retardation (MR) with CL/P and one individual had mild MR. The second mutation was present in a family with four affected men, three of whom had MR and CL/P, while the fourth individual had mild MR without clefting. Here, we report a novel nonsense mutation (p.K177X) in a male patient who has MR associated with CL/P. The mutation results in a truncated PHF8 protein lacking the Jumonji-like C terminus domain and five nuclear localization signals. Our finding further supports the hypothesis that the PHF8 protein may play an important role in cognitive function and midline formation.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Fatima Abidi, Jun 02, 2015
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ABSTRACT: The iron- and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent oxygenases constitute a phylogenetically conserved class of enzymes that catalyze hydroxylation reactions in humans by acting on various types of substrates, including metabolic intermediates, amino acid residues in different proteins and various types of nucleic acids. The discovery of jumonji (Jmj), the founding member of a class of Jmj-type chromatin modifying enzymes and transcriptional regulators, has culminated in the discovery of several branches of histone lysine demethylases, with essential functions in regulating the epigenetic landscape of the chromatin environment. This work has now been considerably expanded into other aspects of epigenetic biology and includes the discovery of enzymatic steps required for methyl-cytosine demethylation as well as modification of RNA and ribosomal proteins. This overview aims to summarize the current knowledge on the human Jmj-type enzymes and their involvement in human pathological processes, including development, cancer, inflammation and metabolic diseases.Epigenomics 02/2014; 6(1):89-120. DOI:10.2217/epi.13.79 · 5.22 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Central nervous system (CNS) development is driven by coordinated actions of developmental signals and chromatin regulators that precisely regulate gene expression patterns. Histone methylation is a regulatory mechanism that controls transcriptional programs. In the last 10 years, several histone demethylases (HDM) have been identified as important players in neural development, and their implication in cell fate decisions is beginning to be recognized. Identification of the physiological roles of these enzymes and their molecular mechanisms of action will be necessary for completely understanding the process that ultimately generates different neural cells in the CNS. In this review, we provide an overview of the Jumonji family of HDMs involved in neurodevelopment, and we discuss their roles during neural fate establishment and neuronal differentiation.Cell and Tissue Research 06/2014; 359(1). DOI:10.1007/s00441-014-1924-7 · 3.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We present a male patient with sporadic Aarskog syndrome, cleft palate, mild intellectual disability, and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A submicroscopic discontiguous deletion was detected on chromosome Xp11.2 encompassing FGD1, FAM120C, and PHF8. That the deletion encompassed FGD1 (exons 2–8) explains the Aarskog features while the deletion of PHF8 most likely explains the cleft palate and mild intellectual disability. We identify FAM120C as a novel X-linked candidate gene for autism for two reasons: first, a larger deletion encompassing FAM120C segregates with autism in a previously reported family and second, there is recent evidence that FAM120C interacts with CYFIP1, part of the FMRP (Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein) network. In the current study, resequencing of FAM120C in 87 Belgian male patients with autism spectrum disorder identified no novel mutations. Expression of Fam120c in mouse tissues showed enriched expression in pituitary, cerebellum, cortex, and pancreatic islets of Langerhans. Additionally, we found a cortical expression pattern of Fam120c similar to that of Fmr1. In conclusion, FAM120C is a novel candidate gene for autism spectrum disorder based on genetic evidence and the brain expression pattern. Thereby we highlight a role for FMRP network genes in ASD. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 12/2014; 164(12). DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.36752 · 2.05 Impact Factor