Effect of conduit repair on aberrant motor axon growth within the nerve graft in rats.
ABSTRACT After peripheral nerve injury, minimizing axonal misdirection has been a matter of importance to obtain good functional outcomes. In general, it becomes more challenging as the nerve defect length is longer. As previous works suggested that a conduit repair leaving a short gap could induce some target-specific reinnervation, we expected that a distally placed conduit combined with nerve graft would enhance the specificity of reinnervation, especially in dealing with a long gap. To test this, a 14-mm-long gap was created in the rat sciatic nerves and repaired with either 1) whole nerve graft (WG), 2) interfascicular nerve grafts (FG), or 3) whole nerve graft combined with distally placed silicone tube leaving a 5-mm gap (TUBG). At the end of follow up, the extent of target specific reinnervation (measurement of the compound muscle action potentials evoked by stimulation of the sciatic nerve and its tibial and common peroneal fascicles) and the accuracy of motoneuronal projection (sequential retrograde labeling of the common peroneal motor pool) were assessed. Both assessments revealed that groups FG and TUBG had a similar selectivity, which was significantly higher than in group WG. Consistent with these results, the functional recovery as assessed by walking track analysis showed no significant difference between groups FG and TUBG, whereas those were significantly superior to group WG. In contrast, histomorphometric assessment of the regenerating axons and wet muscle weight showed no significant difference among the three groups. In conclusion, conduit repair would have some effects on reducing motor axonal misdirection, and it might be more effective when used in the management of a large defect in combination with nerve graft.
Article: Comparison of divided sciatic nerve growth within dermis, venous and nerve graft conduit in rat.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Considering the common origin of skin and peripheral nervous system, a tube of dermal layer of skin hypothetically can be an ideal conduit for nerve reconstruction. An experimental study performed to evaluate the nerve regeneration of efficacy into a dermal tube. Sixty male Wistar rats were used. A 10 mm gap was produced in right sciatic nerves. In group A the autogenous nerve grafts were used to bridge the defects. In group B vein conduit were use to reconstruct the gaps. In group C dermal tube were used to bridge the defects. Morphologic studies were carried out after 3 month. The density of nerve fibers was significantly higher in autogenous nerve graft group. The efficacy of nerve growth into the dermal tube group was significantly poor in comparison to other groups. In the present study, dermis was used as the nerve conduit for the first time. This study indicates that the dermal tube is not a suitable conduit for nerve regeneration till further studies to resolve the problems before clinical application.Journal of research in medical sciences 07/2010; 15(4):208-13. · 0.46 Impact Factor