Mesothelial cyst of the liver in a neonate
ABSTRACT Mesothelial cysts are very rare congenital cystic lesions that are derived from coelomic remnants. We report a neonate with a mesothelial cyst of hepatic origin. On routine antenatal ultrasound study, an intra-abdominal mass was seen. After birth, the cystic lesion's size increased to 8 cm and became symptomatic. Surgical resection was performed. Preoperative diagnostic imaging studies, including CT and MRI, did not identify the etiology, but the cyst appeared to be of hepatic origin. Intra-operatively, the cystic lesion was confirmed to have originated from the liver. Based on immunohistological analysis, the final diagnosis was mesothelial cyst of the liver.
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ABSTRACT: Accompanying rapid developments in hepatic surgery, the number of surgeries and identifications of histological types of primary hepatic space-occupying lesions (PHSOLs) have increased dramatically. This has led to many changes in the surgicopathological spectrum of PHSOLs, and has contributed to a theoretical basis for modern hepatic surgery and oncological pathology. Between 1982 and 2009 at the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital (EHBH) in Shanghai, 31 901 patients underwent surgery and were diagnosed as having a PHSOL. In this paper, we present an analysis of the PHSOL cases at the EHBH for this time period, along with results from a systematic literature review. We describe a surgicopathological spectrum comprising more than 100 types of PHSOLs that can be stratified into three types: tumor-like, benign, and malignant. We also stratified the PHSOLs into six subtypes derived from hepatocytes; cholangiocytes; vascular, lymphoid and hemopoietic tissues; muscular, fibrous and adipose tissues; neural and neuroendocrine tissues; and miscellaneous tissues. The present study provides a new classification system that can be used as a current reference for clinicians and pathologists to make correct diagnoses and differential diagnoses among various PHSOLs.World Journal of Gastroenterology 05/2011; 17(19):2372-8. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v17.i19.2372 · 2.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To report on a case of a progressively enlarging intrahepatic cyst in a 1-year-old boy who also presented with bilateral undescended testes. At surgery, the lesion emerged from the anterior surface of the liver but was unexpectedly found to arise from the epididymis of the right testis, which was located intra-abdominally. The histologic findings were consistent with a paratesticular cyst of vestigial remnants derived from the Wolffian duct. Such an unusual event has not been previously reported among the possible location of a paratesticular cyst, nor has it been described in the differential diagnosis of cystic lesions of the liver.Urology 07/2011; 79(1):212-4. DOI:10.1016/j.urology.2011.05.007 · 2.13 Impact Factor