Severe TMD/AMKL with GATA1 mutation in a stillborn fetus with Down syndrome.
ABSTRACT A 34-year-old woman was referred for evaluation of a recent stillborn male fetus, gestational age 27 6/7 weeks, found to have congenital myeloid leukemia at autopsy. Autopsy findings included high weight for gestational age, hepatomegaly, and extensive intravascular leukemic infiltrates in the placenta, heart, liver, thymus, lung, kidneys, and brain. Genetic consultation and examination of photographs of the fetus revealed dysmorphic features.
Immunoperoxidase staining of placental tissue, fluorescence in situ hybridization of paraffin-embedded sections of the placenta using probes for t(12;21)(p13;q22), t(8;21)(q22;q22) and t/del(11q23), cytogenetic analysis of fetal tissue (tendon), sequence analysis of GATA1 in placental leukemic cells, and parental chromosome studies.
Down syndrome with in utero onset of GATA1 mutation-positive severe transient myeloproliferative disorder/acute megakaryoblastic leukemia.
Genetic counseling for the recurrence risk of Down syndrome on the basis of maternal age.
SourceAvailable from: Karl Oliver KaganLeukemia 09/2014; 29:232. DOI:10.1038/leu.2014.258 · 9.38 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Congenital myeloproliferative disorders and transient leukemic disorders have been described in the perinatal period in infants with trisomy 21 (Down syndrome). We report a novel case of a neonate with trisomy 21 with GATA1-mutated congenital myeloproliferative disorder complicated by placental fetal thrombotic vasculopathy featuring chorionic vessel leukemic thrombi, fetal circulation vascular injuries and large aggregates of avascular villi. These thrombotic and vasculopathic changes within the placenta are likely a reflection of the hypercoagulable state caused by the myeloproliferative disorder. Placental fetal thrombotic vasculopathy is associated with adverse outcomes for the infant, and should be documented during formal pathological examination of the placenta.Human pathology 08/2014; 45(11). DOI:10.1016/j.humpath.2014.07.019 · 2.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Children with constitutional trisomy 21 (cT21, Down Syndrome, DS) are at a higher risk for both myeloid and B-lymphoid leukaemias. The myeloid leukaemias are often preceded by a transient neonatal pre-leukaemic syndrome, Transient Abnormal Myelopoiesis (TAM). TAM is caused by cooperation between cT21 and acquired somatic N-terminal truncating mutations in the key haematopoietic transcription factor GATA1. These mutations, which are not leukaemogenic in the absence of cT21, are found in almost one-third of neonates with DS. Analysis of primary human fetal liver haematopoietic cells and of human embryonic stem cells demonstrates that cT21 itself substantially alters human fetal haematopoietic development. Consequently, many haematopoietic developmental defects are observed in neonates with DS even in the absence of TAM. Although studies in mouse models have suggested a pathogenic role of deregulated expression of several chromosome 21-encoded genes, their role in human leukaemogenesis remains unclear. As cT21 exists in all embryonic cells, the molecular basis of cT21-associated leukaemias probably reflects a complex interaction between deregulated gene expression in haematopoietic cells and the fetal haematopoietic microenvironment in DS.British Journal of Haematology 08/2014; DOI:10.1111/bjh.13096 · 4.96 Impact Factor