Article

Interference resolution: insights from a meta-analysis of neuroimaging tasks.

Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1043, USA.
Cognitive Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience (Impact Factor: 3.21). 04/2007; 7(1):1-17. DOI: 10.3758/CABN.7.1.1
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A quantitative meta-analysis was performed on 47 neuroimaging studies involving tasks purported to require the resolution of interference. The tasks included the Stroop, flanker, go/no-go, stimulus-response compatibility, Simon, and stop signal tasks. Peak density-based analyses of these combined tasks reveal that the anterior cingulate cortex, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, inferior frontal gyrus, posterior parietal cortex, and anterior insula may be important sites for the detection and/or resolution of interference. Individual task analyses reveal differential patterns of activation among the tasks. We propose that the drawing of distinctions among the processing stages at which interference may be resolved may explain regional activation differences. Our analyses suggest that resolution processes acting upon stimulus encoding, response selection, and response execution may recruit different neural regions.

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