Peripheral pulmonary artery aneurysms in patients with pulmonary artery hypertension.
ABSTRACT Pulmonary artery aneurysm (PAA), especially the peripheral type, is a rare disease. We report 2 cases of peripheral PAA with pulmonary artery hypertension. Complication associated with peripheral PAA was hemoptysis. Endovascular coil embolization was performed successfully in one patient. The other with peripheral PAA was died of massive hemoptysis. In patients with peripheral PAA, coil embolization is one therapeutic option. We summarized cases with peripheral PAA in Japan.
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ABSTRACT: Aneurysms of the pulmonary artery are proven to be a very rare entity. Association with structural cardiac anomalies, structural vascular anomalies, pulmonary hypertension, vasculitis, and infection has been noted. Surgical intervention of symptomatic aneurysms is recommended. A more detailed study of the natural history of these aneurysms is needed. Here, we report four cases of pulmonary artery aneurysms as well as a brief review of the literature existing on this subject. The first case is of a 41-year-old woman with the aneurysm located 1 cm distal to the pulmonary valve extending to the bifurcation of the main pulmonary artery. The second case is of a 76-year-old woman with a large aneurysm of the main pulmonary artery and the left pulmonary artery. The third case is of a 61-year-old woman with an aneurysm of the common pulmonary artery and right pulmonary artery. The fourth case is of a 28-year-old woman with a 5-cm symptomatic aneurysm extending from the valve up to the pulmonary bifurcation. Surgical excision and reconstruction was ordered for cases 1, 2, and 4.International Journal of Angiology 09/2013; 22(3):143-148.