Riedel's thyroiditis in,a patient with recurrent subacute thyroiditis: A case report and review of the literature

Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
Endocrine Journal (Impact Factor: 2.02). 09/2007; 54(4):559-62. DOI: 10.1507/endocrj.K06-186
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Riedel's thyroiditis is a rare form of chronic thyroiditis, characterised by a fibroinflammatory process that partially destroys the thyroid and often involves surrounding tissues. The relationship of Riedel's thyroiditis to other forms of thyroiditis is not clear. A case of Riedel's thyroiditis in a 51-year-old woman presenting with symptoms of subacute thyroiditis, is reported. She was diagnosed with subacute thyroiditis based on clinical manifestation and laboratory results. She was treated with glucocorticoids for six weeks, and then followed-up for 12 months. Three years later, she visited with tenderness and enlargement of thyroid mass, and laboratory and radiology findings suggested that she had a malignant thyroid tumor as well as subacute thyroiditis. After thyroidectomy, histopathologic findings showed that she had Riedel's thyroiditis in the presence of subacute thyroiditis. Until now, few cases of Riedel's thyroiditis in patients with a history of subacute thyroiditis have been reported in the literature. Although the etiology of Riedel's thyroiditis is unknown, it may develop in the course of subacute thyroiditis.

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    ABSTRACT: Riedel's thyroiditis (RT) is a rare inflammatory disease that results in fibrosis of the thyroid gland and invasion to the surrounding structures of the neck. Follicular adenoma (FA) of the thyroid is the most common benign neoplasm of the gland. A 42-year-old woman was referred to the outpatient clinic due to a multinodular goiter and thyroiditis. The patient was euthyroid and thyroid function tests were within normal limits. Thyroid antibodies (thyroid peroxidase antibody and thyroglobulin antibody) were high. Thyroid ultrasonography showed multiple iso-hypoechoic nodules and thyroiditis. Fine-needle aspiration cytology was performed, and it was consistent with 'suspicious for a follicular neoplasm' according to the Bethesda system. Due to the clinical findings, which included weight loss and sweating, and the cytological results indicative of a follicular neoplasm, the patient underwent a total thyroidectomy. The histopathological diagnosis was RT associated with FA. The patient was started on thyroid hormone (thyroxine) replacement therapy after surgery and was evaluated for additional fibrosis related to RT. To our knowledge, this is the first case of RT associated with FA in an asymptomatic patient with a multinodular goiter and high thyroid antibodies reported in the literature.
    10/2012; 1(3):204-207. DOI:10.1159/000342628
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    ABSTRACT: Riedel's thyroiditis, known as invasive fibrous thyroiditis, is a very rare form of chronic thyroiditis. It is hard to make the diagnosis without surgical biopsy. We present a case of Riedel's thyroiditis in a 52-year-old female with past history of Hashimoto's thyroiditis. She suffered from bilateral neck pain, which radiated to both lower jaws. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate was 125 mm/hour. Subacute thyroiditis superimposed on Hashimoto's thyroiditis was diagnosed and treated with steroid. However the response was poor and she had a history of severe peptic ulcer. To avoid inducing the peptic ulcer by steroid, she received bilateral subtotal thyroidectomy. During surgery, the thyroid had severe adhesion to surrounding soft tissue and the pathology showed Riedel's thyroiditis. The neck pain improved after thyroidectomy. Tamoxifen has been given for 8 months and the size of remnant thyroid decreased to 8 mm. We concluded that combined thyroidectomy and tamoxifen successfully cured a patient with Riedel's thyroiditis.
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    ABSTRACT: Riedel's thyroiditis is characterised by chronic inflammatory invasive fibrosclerosis of the thyroid gland, surrounding structures, and extrathyroidal fibrosis. We present a case of Riedel's thyroiditis associated with nodular fibrosis of the lungs and liver. A 40-year-old woman presented with a 3-month history of neck swelling, difficulty swallowing and breathlessness on exertion. Core biopsy of the goitre revealed dense fibrous tissue with mixed chronic inflammatory cells. A staging computed tomography scan revealed a large thyroid mass encasing the oesophagus and compressing the trachea, multiple bilateral pulmonary nodules with no evidence of lymphadenopathy, and multiple suspicious nodular lesions in the liver. A thorascopic biopsy of a lung lesion in its entirety revealed a hyalinising lung lesion with no evidence of malignancy. Following the introduction of levothyroxine replacement, symptomatic improvement occurred in parallel with improvements in imaging. To our knowledge, this is the first description of Riedel's thyroiditis presenting with nodular extrathyroidal fibrosis, and which showed resolution following institution of levothyroxine.
    01/2013; 1(4):259-263. DOI:10.1159/000345032