Inter-subunit interactions of the Autographa californica M nucleopolyhedrovirus RNA polymerase.
ABSTRACT Autographa californica M nucleopolyhedrovirus transcribes genes using two DNA-directed RNA polymerases; early genes are transcribed by the host RNA polymerase II, and late and very late genes are transcribed by a viral-encoded multisubunit RNA polymerase. The viral RNA polymerase is composed of four proteins: Late Expression Factor-4 (LEF-4), LEF-8, LEF-9, and P47. The predicted amino acid sequences of lef-9 and lef-8 contain motifs that are similar to those that participate at the catalytic center of known RNA polymerases. The requirement for the motif present in LEF-8 in late gene expression has been previously demonstrated. We have assessed the requirement of specific residues within the motif in LEF-9 for late gene expression. The conserved aspartic acid residues within the LEF-9 motif, corresponding to those essential for activity of the Escherichia coli RNA polymerase largest subunit, were required for late gene expression. Furthermore, we found that LEF-8 and LEF-9 interacted in coimmunoprecipitation experiments. We determined possible interactions of all the RNA polymerase subunits in pairwise combinations and found associations between LEF-9 and P47, LEF-4 and P47, and LEF-8 and P47. In contrast, LEF-4 and LEF-8 did not coimmunoprecipitate but coimmunoprecipitated in the presence of P47, suggesting that they do not associate directly. A weak association was observed between LEF-4 and LEF-9. Further analysis also suggested that LEF-8, LEF-9, and P47 have the ability to self-associate. Studies on protein-protein interactions may provide insight into the structural design of the complex and mechanistic aspects affecting late and very late gene expression.
Article: Review Article Use of Bacterial Artificial Chromosomes in Baculovirus Research and Recombinant Protein Expression: Current Trends and Future Perspectives[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The baculovirus expression system is one of the most successful and widely used eukaryotic protein expression methods. This short review will summarise the role of bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACS) as an enabling technology for the modification of the virus genome. For many years baculovirus genomes have been maintained in E. coli as bacterial artificial chromosomes, and foreign genes have been inserted using a transposition-based system. However, with recent advances in molecular biology techniques, particularly targeting reverse engineering of the baculovirus genome by recombineering, new frontiers in protein expression are being addressed. In particular, BACs have facilitated the propagation of disabled virus genomes that allow high throughput protein expression. Furthermore, improvement in the selection of recombinant viral genomes inserted into BACS has enabled the expression of multiprotein complexes by iterative recombineering of the baculovirus genome.ISRN Microbiology. 01/2012; 11.