Three-dimensional evaluation of dobutamine-induced changes in regional myocardial deformation in ischemic myocardium using ultrasonic strain measurements: the role of circumferential myocardial shortening.
ABSTRACT Early identification of myocardial ischemia during high-dose dobutamine stress (DOB) has important clinical implications. Myocardial strain imaging can evaluate regional myocardial contractility in the radial, longitudinal, and circumferential directions. The aim of this study was to assess precisely the differences in deterioration of myocardial deformation among the 3 directions in patients with newly developed myocardial ischemia during high-dose (40 microg/kg/min) DOB infusion. Color Doppler tissue 2-dimensional images were recorded during DOB infusion in 20 patients without myocardial ischemia and 25 patients with scintigraphically diagnosed myocardial ischemia caused by left anterior descending coronary artery stenosis. In the offline analysis, systolic radial strain (Sr), longitudinal strain (Sl), and circumferential strain (Sc) were determined in the anteroseptal and anterolateral left ventricular walls. In 20 patients without myocardial ischemia, the peak systolic strains significantly increased in all 3 directions during DOB infusion at rates between 5 and 10 microg/kg/min (Sr 50%-69%, Sl 27%-36%, Sc 29%-38%, all P < .01) with a greater rate of change in the Sr (1.8 and 1.9 times, respectively, P < .001) than in the Sl and Sc. However, the peak systolic strains decreased significantly during DOB infusion at rates between 5 and 10 microg/kg/min in all 3 directions (Sr 56%-35%, Sl 27%-13%, both P < .01; Sc 29%-7%, P < .001) with the greatest rate of change in the Sc in 25 patients with newly developed myocardial ischemia. In conclusion, circumferential myocardial shortening deteriorated to a greater extent during DOB infusion in patients with coronary artery stenosis, and its measurement is a promising tool for detecting newly developed myocardial ischemia.
Article: Assessment of myocardial mechanics using speckle tracking echocardiography: fundamentals and clinical applications.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The authors summarize the recent developments in speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE), a relatively new technique that can be used in conjunction with two-dimensional or three-dimensional echocardiography for resolving the multidirectional components of left ventricular (LV) deformation. The tracking system is based on grayscale B-mode images and is obtained by automatic measurement of the distance between 2 pixels of an LV segment during the cardiac cycle, independent of the angle of insonation. The integration of STE with real-time cardiac ultrasound imaging overcomes some of the limitations of previous work in the field and has the potential to provide a unified framework to more accurately quantify the regional and global function of the left ventricle. STE holds promise to reduce interobserver and intraobserver variability in assessing regional LV function and to improve patient care while reducing health care costs through the early identification of subclinical disease. Following a brief overview of the approach, the authors pool the initial observations from clinical studies on the development, validation, merits, and limitations of STE.Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 04/2010; 23(4):351-69; quiz 453-5. · 2.98 Impact Factor