Studies on the metabolism of 4-methyl-piperazine-1-carbodithioc acid 3-cyano-3,3-diphenylpropyl ester hydrochloride in rats by high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry.

Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Xueyuan Road 38, Beijing 100083, China.
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis (Impact Factor: 2.95). 10/2007; 44(5):1127-32. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpba.2007.05.026
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT 4-Methyl-piperazine-1-carbodithioc acid 3-cyano-3,3-diphenylpropyl ester hydrochloride(TM208) is a newly synthesized compound, which has shown excellent in vivo and in vitro anticancer activity and low toxicity. In this study, the metabolism of TM208 in rats was studied for the first time by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. Following a single oral administration to rats, TM208 was metabolized to eight metabolites (M1-M8). M1 is the desmethyl metabolite and the acylation of M1 with N-acetyl transferase results in M6 (N-acetyl metabolite), M5 is N-formyl metabolite; M4 is phenyl monohydroxylation metabolite, M2 is the sulfine metabolite of TM208, and M3 is also an odd-oxygen added products which the possible oxidation site has described in this paper; M8 is the metabolite resulting from the replacement of '-C=S' with '-C=O', M7 is a ring-opened piperazine oxidation products to a kind of acid.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim:To investigate the effects of a novel dithiocarbamate derivative TM208 on human breast cancer cells as well as the pharmacokinetic characteristics of TM208 in human breast cancer xenograft mice.Methods:Human breast cancer MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells were treated with TM208 or a positive control drug tamoxifen. Cell proliferation was examined using SRB and colony formation assays. Cell apoptosis was analyzed with Annexin V-FITC/PI staining assay. Protein expression was examined with Western blot, ELISA and immunohistochemical analyses. MCF-7 breast cancer xenograft nude mice were orally administered TM208 (50 or 150 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1)) or tamoxifen (50 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1)) for 18 d. On d 19, the tumors were collected for analyses. Blood samples were collected from the mice treated with the high dose of TM208, and plasma concentrations of TM208 were measured using LC-MS/MS.Results:Treatment of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells with TM208 dose-dependently inhibited the cell proliferation and colony formation in vitro (the IC50 values were 36.38±3.77 and 18.13±0.76 μmol/L, respectively). TM208 (20-150μmol/L) dose-dependently induced apoptosis of both the breast cancer cells in vitro. In MCF-7 breast cancer xenograft nude mice, TM208 administration dose-dependently reduced the tumor growth, but did not result in the accumulation of TM208 or weight loss. TM208 dose-dependently inhibited the phosphorylation of EGFR and ERK1/2 in both the breast cancer cells in vitro as well as in the MCF-7 xenograft tumor.Conclusion:Inhibition of EGFR autophosphorylation plays an important role in the anticancer effect of TM208 against human breast cancer.
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 12/2013; · 2.35 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A rapid, simple, and sensitive on-line solid-phase extraction HPLC-DAD method for simultaneous evaluation of the activity of five CYP450 isoforms (CYP1A2, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1 and CYP3A4) in vivo has been developed and validated. The five specific probe substrates include caffeine (1A2), metoprolol (2D6), dapsone (3A4), omeprazole (2C19) and chlorzoxazone (2E1). Automated pre-purification of plasma and enrichment of analytes were performed using a C18 on-line solid-phase extraction cartridge. After being eluted from the cartridge, the analytes and the internal standard antipyrine were separated on a C18 RP analytical column and analyzed by DAD. The method was validated to quantify the concentration ranges of 0.05-50.0μg/ml for dapsone and omeprazole, 0.1-50.0μg/ml for caffeine and 0.2-50.0μg/ml for metoprolol and chlorzoxazone. The linearity (R2) for all analytes tested was exceeded 0.99. The intra-day precision ranged from 0.29 to 13% and the inter-day precision ranged from 5.0 to 15%, respectively. The intra-day and inter-day accuracy were between 86.7% and 113.6%. The extraction recoveries were in the range 82.8-109.9% for all the analytes and internal standard antipyrine. This method was successfully applied to evaluate the effects of TM208 on rat five CYP450 isoforms.
    Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences 02/2013; 923-924C:29-36. · 2.78 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: 4-Methylpiperazine-1-carbodithiocacid-3-cyano-3,3-diphenylpropyl ester hydrochloride (TM208) was a potential antitumor new drug with many preliminary studies in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. This study aims to determine whether TM208 elicits toxic effects by metabonomics for the first time. Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were exposured to TM208 at a single therapeutic dose (100mg/kg/d) for 5 days, metabolites of urine samples from both control and TM208-treated groups were analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization source in combination with hybrid ion trap and high-resolution time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-IT-TOF/MS). Metabolites such as aminoadipic acid, creatine, gluconic acid, cis-aconitic acid, succinic acid and pipecolic acid which changed significantly, were identified as potential biomarkers. These results suggest that the changes in urinary metabolites of rats after exposure to TM208 were mainly related to energy metabolism and amino acid metabolism, which may be helpful to further understand the mechanism of TM208 toxicity in rats and a new drug development.
    Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences 04/2014; 959C:49-54. · 2.78 Impact Factor