Normality and impairment following profound early institutional deprivation: a longitudinal follow-up into early adolescence.

Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, England. .
Developmental Psychology (Impact Factor: 3.21). 07/2007; 43(4):931-46. DOI: 10.1037/0012-1649.43.4.93
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Longitudinal analyses on normal versus impaired functioning across 7 domains were conducted in children who had experienced profound institutional deprivation up to the age of 42 months and were adopted from Romania into U.K. families. Comparisons were made with noninstitutionalized children adopted from Romania and with nondeprived within-U.K. adoptees placed before the age of 6 months. Specifically, the validity of the assessment, the degree of continuity and change in levels of functioning from 6 to 11 years, and the factors in the pre- and postadoption environment accounting for heterogeneity in outcome were examined. Pervasive impairment was significantly raised in children experiencing institutional deprivation for > or =6 months of life, with a minority within this group showing no impairment. There was no additional significant effect of duration of deprivation beyond the 6-month cutoff, and few other predictors explained outcome. The pattern of normality/impairment was mainly established by 6 years of age, with considerable continuity at the individual level between 6 and 11 years. The findings are discussed in terms of the possibility of a sensitive period for development.

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    ABSTRACT: Santrauka. Tikslas. Dauguma iki šiol atliktų tapatumo tyrimų daugiausia remiasi J. Marcia struktūriniu tapatumo supratimu. Tačiau pastaraisiais metais tapatumas apibrėžiamas kaip santykiuose besiformuojanti dinaminė sistema, kurios pagrindas – emocijos. O tapatumo formavimasis – tai intrapsichinių pasikeitimų paauglystėje visuma: at-siskyrimo ir individuacijos procesas, ankstyvųjų emociškai skausmingų patyrimų in-tegracija bei ego tęstinumo įtvirtinimas. Todėl siekiant analizuoti, kaip vyksta globos namuose gyvenančių paauglių tapatumo formavimasis, remiamasi biografinių pasa-kojimų interpretacine analize. Metodai. Atliktas kokybinis tyrimas, kuriame naudoti metodai: biografinio pasakojimo interpretacinis metodas, dokumentų analizė. Tyrime dalyvavo šeši (3 merginos ir 3 vaikinai) 15–16 metų paaugliai, gyvenantys globos na-muose. Rezultatai, išvados. Tyrimo rezultatų interpretacinė analizė atskleidė tris biogra-finio pasakojimo tipus: kova kaip išgyvenimo būdas, fantazijos ir svajonės kaip būdas atlaikyti realybę ir fragmentuotas gyvenimo istorijos pasakojimas – paslėpta savastis. Rezultatai atskleidžia, kaip skirtingi biografinio pasakojimo tipai susiję su skirtinga ta-patumo formavimosi paauglystėje dinamika. Taip pat patvirtinama artimų ir ilgalaikių santykių svarba gyvenimo istorijai kurti ir trauminio patyrimo įveikos procesui. Pagrindiniai žodžiai: tapatumas, biografinio pasakojimo interpretacinė analizė, globos namai, paauglystė. 1 Susirašinėjimui: Universiteto 9/1, Vilnius LT-01513, Lietuva; el. paštas: astazb@gmail. com; tel. +370 688 73497.

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