Neurological complications after orthotopic liver transplantation

Clinical Medicine 5 and Veneto Regional Reference Centre for Hepatic Diseases, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.
Digestive and Liver Disease (Impact Factor: 2.89). 09/2007; 39(8):740-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.dld.2007.05.004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The number of orthotopic liver transplantation performed each year is increasing due to increased safety and logistic facilities. Therefore, the importance of reducing adverse events is progressively growing.
To review present knowledge on the neurological complications of orthotopic liver transplantation.
The epidemiology, the clinical features and the pathophysiology of the neurological complications of orthotopic liver transplants, resulting from a systematic review of the literature in the last 25 years, are summarized.
The review highlights that a relevant variety of neurological adverse events can occur in patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation. The knowledge of neurological complications of orthotopic liver transplantation is important for transplantation teams to reduce their prevalence and improve their management. In addition, the likelihood of neurological adverse effects provides evidence for the need of a careful cognitive and neurological work up of patients in the orthotopic liver transplantation waiting list, in order to recognize and interpret neurological dysfunction occurring after orthotopic liver transplantation.

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