Plasma receptor for advanced glycation end-products predicts duration of ICU stay and mechanical ventilation in patients after lung transplantation.

Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143-0130, USA.
The Journal of heart and lung transplantation: the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation (Impact Factor: 5.61). 08/2007; 26(7):675-80. DOI: 10.1016/j.healun.2007.04.002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Primary graft dysfunction, formerly termed reperfusion pulmonary edema, is the leading cause of short-term complications after lung transplantation. New evidence shows that alveolar type I epithelial cells play an active role in alveolar fluid transport and are therefore presumed to be critical in the absorption of pulmonary edema. We tested the potential relevance of a novel marker of alveolar type I cell injury, the receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE), to short-term outcomes of lung transplantation.
The study was a prospective, observational cohort study of 20 patients undergoing single lung, bilateral lung or combined heart-lung transplantation. Plasma biomarkers were measured 4 hours after allograft reperfusion.
Higher plasma RAGE levels were associated with a longer duration of mechanical ventilation and longer intensive care unit length of stay, in contrast to markers of alveolar type II cell injury, endothelial injury and acute inflammation. Specifically, for every doubling in plasma RAGE levels, the duration of mechanical ventilation increased on average by 26 hours, adjusting for ischemia time (95% confidence interval [CI] 7.4 to 44.7 hours, p = 0.01). Likewise, for every doubling of plasma RAGE levels, intensive care unit length of stay increased on average by 1.8 days, again adjusting for ischemia time (95% CI 0.13 to 3.45 days p = 0.04). In contrast, the clinical diagnosis of primary graft dysfunction was not as predictive of these short-term outcomes.
Higher levels of plasma RAGE measured shortly after reperfusion predicted poor short-term outcomes from lung transplantation. Elevated plasma RAGE levels may have both pathogenetic and prognostic value in patients after lung transplantation.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The molecular determinants of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (iPAH) remain poorly understood. The receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) and its ligands: HMGB1 and S100A9 are involved in inflammatory disorders. We sought to investigate the role of the RAGE axis in patients with CTEPH undergoing pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA), iPAH undergoing lung transplantation (LuTX). The high pulmonary vascular resistance in CTEPH/iPAH results in pressure overload of the right ventricle. We compared sRAGE measurements to that of patients with aortic valve stenosis (AVS) - pressure overload of the left ventricle.
    PLoS ONE 09/2014; 9(9):e106440. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0106440 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the possible associations between serum levels of soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) and specific clinical markers and prognosis in critically ill patients diagnosed with stress hyperglycemia. A total of 70 critically ill patients and 25 normal controls were recruited for this study. Serum levels of sRAGE and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Additional data on other clinical markers were obtained from patient records in the intensive care unit. Comparisons of sRAGE and AGEs levels between groups were assessed by t-test. The relationships between sRAGE and other clinical markers were assessed by Pearson's correlation analyses and multiple linear regression analyses. Risk factors for prognosis, such as 28-day mortality were analyzed using logistic regression analysis. Serum sRAGE and AGEs levels were significantly higher in critically ill patients, compared to normal controls (P<0.05). The increase in serum sRAGE levels was significantly correlated with AGEs levels, interleukin-6 levels, and the sequential organ failure assessment score (P<0.01). Using multiple linear regression analysis, the association between AGEs and sRAGE remained significant after adjustment of other clinical factors. However, there were no significant correlations between sRAGE levels and patient outcome in these critically ill patients. Serum sRAGE levels were significantly elevated in critically ill patients and positively correlated with higher AGEs levels, but sRAGE levels were not associated with increased mortality, suggesting sRAGE levels are not a predictor of prognosis in critically ill patients.
    Clinical Interventions in Aging 01/2014; 9:1981-6. DOI:10.2147/CIA.S71130 · 1.82 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Traditional inflammatory biomarkers are insufficient for the evaluation of bronchiolitis severity. Recent investigations have shown that the receptor for advanced glycation end product (RAGE) and its soluble isoforms (sRAGE) play a critical role in the pathogenesis of lung injury. Main objective was to assess the serum levels of sRAGE of children with severe bronchiolitis admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Secondary objective was to study sRAGE correlation with the evolution and traditional biomarkers.
    Beiträge zur Klinik der Tuberkulose 10/2014; 193(1). DOI:10.1007/s00408-014-9663-9 · 2.17 Impact Factor


Available from