Immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated cross-reactivity between mesquite pollen proteins and lima bean, an edible legume.
ABSTRACT Immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated food allergy often develops as a consequence of allergic sensitization to pollen proteins. Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) tree pollen is reported to be cross-reactive with other pollen species, but little has been reported on its cross-reactivity with plant-derived foods belonging to the same/different families. The present study investigates the in vitro cross-reactivity of mesquite pollen and lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus), an edible seed belonging to the Leguminosae family. Of 110 patients (asthma, rhinitis or both) tested intradermally, 20 showed marked positive reactions with Prosopis pollen extract. Of these, 12 patients showed elevated specific IgE to Prosopis pollen extract alone and four to both Phaseolus and pollen extract. In vitro cross-reactivity was investigated using inhibition assays [enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) inhibition, immunoblot inhibition], histamine release and lymphoproliferation. P. lunatus extract could inhibit IgE binding to P. juliflora in a dose-dependent manner, requiring 400 ng of protein for 50% inhibition in ELISA assay. Immunoblot and immunoblot inhibition demonstrated the presence of 20, 26, 35, 66 and 72 kDa as shared IgE binding components between the two extracts. Histamine release, peripheral blood mononuclear cells proliferation and interleukin (IL)-4 levels also suggested allergenic cross-reactivity. In conclusion, there is humoral and cellular cross-reactivity between Prosopis pollen and Phaseolus seed allergens.
Article: Molecular basis of allergic cross-reactivity between group 1 major allergens from birch and apple.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Patients allergic to birch pollen often also react with fruits and vegetables, such as apple. The major cause of cross-reactivity between birch and apple is biochemical and immunological similarity between the major allergens, Bet v 1 and Mal d 1, as demonstrated by serological and cellular immunoassays. In addition, birch pollen-specific therapeutic allergy vaccination has been shown to improve allergic symptoms caused by oral ingestion of apple. Detailed analysis of molecular surface areas based on the crystal structure of Bet v 1, and primary sequence alignment, identify potential epitopes for cross-reactive antibodies. Two or more conserved patches are identified when comparing Bet v 1 and Mal d 1, thus providing a molecular model for serological cross-reactivity involving more than one IgE-binding epitope. A minimum of two epitopes would be necessary for cross-linking of receptor bound IgE in functional histamine release assays and skin test. Individual amino acid substitutions, as occurring in isoallergenic variation, may, however, have a dramatic effect on epitope integrity if critical residues are affected. Thus, one area large enough to accommodate antibody-binding epitopes shared by all known Mal d 1 isoallergens and variants is identified, as well as areas shared by Bet v 1 and individual Mal d 1 isoallergens or variants. The occurrence of limited epitope coincidence between Bet v 1 and Mal d 1 is in agreement with the observation that some, but not all, birch pollen allergic patients react with apple, and that the epitope repertoire recognised by the IgE of the individual patients determines the degree of cross-reactivity.Journal of chromatography. B, Biomedical sciences and applications 06/2001; 756(1-2):307-13.
Article: Analysis of IgE binding proteins of mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) pollen and cross-reactivity with predominant tree pollens.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Pollen from the mesquite tree, Prosopis juliflora, is an important source of respiratory allergy in tropical countries. Our aim was to partially characterize the IgE binding proteins of P. juliflora pollen extract and study cross-reactivity with prevalent tree pollen allergens. Intradermal tests with P. juliflora and five other tree pollen extracts were performed on respiratory allergy patients from Bikaner (arid) and Delhi (semi arid). Prosopis extract elicited positive skin reactions in 71/220 of the patients. Sera were collected from 38 of these 71 patients and all demonstrated elevated specific IgE to P. juliflora. Immunoblotting with pooled patients' sera demonstrated 16 IgE binding components, with components of 24, 26, 29, 31, 35, 52, 58, 66 and 95 kDa recognized by more than 80% of individual patients' sera. P. juliflora extract is allergenically potent requiring 73 ng of self-protein for 50% inhibition of IgE binding in ELISA inhibition. Cross-inhibition assays showed close relationship among P. juliflora, Ailanthus excelsa, Cassia siamea and Salvadora persica. IgE binding components of 14, 41, 52 and 66 kDa were shared allergens whereas 26 and 29 kDa were specific to P. juliflora. The findings suggest that purification of cross-reactive allergens will be helpful for diagnosis and immunotherapy of tree pollen allergic patients.Immunobiology 02/2006; 211(9):733-40. · 3.20 Impact Factor