Neighbourhood fruit and vegetable availability and consumption: The role of small food stores in an urban environment

Department of Community Health Sciences, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, 1440 Canal Street, Suite 2301, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA.
Public Health Nutrition (Impact Factor: 2.68). 05/2008; 11(4):413-20. DOI: 10.1017/S1368980007000493
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Previous studies on the relationship of dietary intake to the neighbourhood food environment have focused on access to supermarkets, quantified by geographic distance or store concentration measures. However, in-store food availability may also be an important determinant, particularly for urban neighbourhoods with a greater concentration of small food stores. This study synthesises both types of information - store access and in-store availability - to determine their potential relationship to fruit and vegetable consumption.
Residents in four census tracts were surveyed in 2001 about their fruit and vegetable intake. Household distances to food stores in these and surrounding tracts were obtained using geographical information system mapping techniques. In-store fruit and vegetable availability was measured by linear shelf space. Multivariate linear regression models were used to measure the association of these neighbourhood availability measures with consumption.
Four contiguous census tracts in central-city New Orleans.
A random sample of 102 households.
Greater fresh vegetable availability within 100 m of a residence was a positive predictor of vegetable intake; each additional metre of shelf space was associated with 0.35 servings per day of increased intake. Fresh fruit availability was not associated with intake, although having a small food store within this same distance was a marginal predictor of fruit consumption.
The findings suggest the possible importance of small neighbourhood food stores and their fresh produce availability in affecting fruit and vegetable intake.

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    • "As Morland et al . ( 2002 ) or Bodor , Rose , Farley , Swalm , and Scott ( 2008 ) suggest , the price of fruits and vegetables may not be decisive for their consumption ; the acces - sibility of the grocery stores seems to be a more important factor . Significant contrasts occur in assessment of the food items pri - ces in individual large grocery stores . "
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    ABSTRACT: Delimitation tools and definitions of food deserts have not been internationally unified so far. Such comprehension ambiguity may lead to variability in research methods as well as to terminology mismatch in the research. In general, assessment of accessibility of selected (large-scale) food stores network in a region is considered as a suitable tool to identify the food deserts, but this is certainly not the only approach. In our paper some other approaches (such as measuring quality, variability and food price) are assessed together with supermarkets and hypermarkets accessibility examination. Results gained by analyses based on various methodological approaches are then compared and confronted, which simultaneously allows us to compare the individual approaches. For our case study purposes, the largest housing estate in Slovakia's capital city was selected.
    Applied Geography 08/2015; 62(August):8-18. DOI:10.1016/j.apgeog.2015.04.003 · 3.08 Impact Factor
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    • "(4) the inverse relationship between distress and FV consumption will remain for adults from rural and regional areas, but not for adults living in urban areas. This is hypothesised because we expect that fruit and vegetable consumption will be more accessible to those residing in major cities (Backman et al., 2011; Bodor et al., 2008; Leather, 1995; Morland, Wing, & Roux, 2002; Pearson et al., 2005; Zenk et al., 2005). We hypothesise a positive relationship between distress and takeaway consumption frequency only for adults living in major cities, also because of increased access to takeaway food (e.g., Thornton et al., 2011). "
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    • "e l s e v i e r . c o m / p m e d r neighborhood stores and resident consumption of fresh vegetables (Bodor et al., 2008). A positive association between access to supermarkets and fruit consumption was found among participants of the National Food Stamp Program (Rose & Richards, 2004). "
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Fresh fruit and vegetables are important components of a healthy diet. Distance to a supermarket has been associated with the ability to access fresh produce. Methods. A randomly sampled telephone survey was conducted with the main shopper for 3000 households in New Orleans, Louisiana in 2011. Individuals were asked where and how often they shopped for groceries, frequency of consumption of a variety of foods, and whether they had access to a car. Bivariate models assessed the relationship between four outcomes: car access, distance to the store patronized by the respondent, number of monthly shopping trips, and daily servings of produce. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to distinguish direct and indirect effects. Results. In bivariate models, car access was positively associated with number of shopping trips and produce consumption while distance was inversely associated with shopping trips. In SEM models, produce consumption was not associated with car access or distance, but to the number of monthly shopping trips. Conclusion. The frequency of shopping is associated with car access but a further distance deters it. Access to stores closer to the shopper may promote more frequent shopping and consumption of produce.
    01/2015; 2:47-52. DOI:10.1016/j.pmedr.2014.12.009
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