Youth Violence Trajectories and Proximal Characteristics of Intimate Partner Violence
ABSTRACT Analyses first examined the developmental course of intimate partner violence (IPV), beginning with trajectories of youth violence. We then examined potential mediators of prior youth violence trajectories in models predicting later IPV perpetration as an outcome. Potential mediators
include risks associated with the individual (e.g., current alcohol and drug use and mental health diagnosis), characteristics of a perpetrator's partner (e.g., use of alcohol/drugs and history of antisocial behavior), and aspects of the surrounding community (e.g., neighborhood norms favorable
to violence and drug use). Data are from the Seattle Social Development Project, a longitudinal study of over 800 individuals followed from elementary school to young adulthood (age 24). Findings suggest that both chronic and late-increaser patterns of youth violence elevated the likelihood
of later IPV perpetration. Partial mediation effects of the relation between youth violence and IPV were found for variables related to one's partner and the surrounding community. Individual characteristics of the perpetrator were not uniquely predictive of IPV when measured as a risk index
and modeled along with other risk factors. Findings indicate that the risk of IPV could be lessened by addressing earlier forms of violence and by intervening to reduce risks within and across domains of influence.
- SourceAvailable from: Michael Maume
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- "These were recoded as none, a few, or more than a few. These items were included because the literature suggests that individuals who have peers who use alcohol (Guo et al. 2009; Herrenkohl et al. 2007) are more likely to engage in violent behavior. "
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine gender differences in the substance-related etiology of teen dating violence using a high-risk sample of urban youth. Data were obtained from 2,991 students in grade 12 who participated in Project Northland Chicago, a group-randomized alcohol prevention intervention implemented in Chicago schools. Typologies of dating violence and physical aggression were created, and hierarchical multinomial regression procedures were used to examine risk and protective factors for membership in each group. The results suggested that there were no quantifiable gender differences in dating violence victimization; however, there were substantial differences in aggression and in the reporting of both dating violence victimization and physical aggression. Furthermore, substance use (alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana) was identified as a robust risk factor for each of the typologies for women. Among men, marijuana use was associated with only the most at-risk group (e.g., the victim-offender overlap group), whereas alcohol and marijuana use predicted membership in each typology among women. Study limitations and implications are also discussed.Women & Criminal Justice 01/2014; 23(3):185-208. DOI:10.1080/08974454.2013.802269
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- "Two classes of individual characteristics have been linked to intimate partner violence: risky behaviors and dispositional factors. First, a common predictor is substance use including drug and alcohol use; however, these associations may not be as strong or consistent as once thought (Caetano et al. 2005; Eaton et al. 2007; Feingold et al. 2008; Herrenkohl et al. 2007; Schluter et al. 2008; Schnurr and Lohman 2008; Temple and Freeman 2011). Second, early sexual activity including the number of partners has been linked to intimate partner violence (Cleveland et al. 2003; Halpern et al. 2001; Maxwell et al. 2003; Roberts and Klein 2003). "
ABSTRACT: The intergenerational transmission of violence directed toward intimate partners has been documented for the past three decades. Overall, the literature shows that violence in the family of origin leads to violence in the family of destination. However, this predominately cross-sectional or retrospective literature is limited by self-selection, endogeneity, and reporter biases as it has not been able to assess how individual and family behaviors simultaneously experienced during adolescence influence intimate partner violence throughout adulthood. The present study used data from the Iowa Youth and Families Project (IYFP; N = 392; 52 % Female), a multi-method, multi-trait prospective approach, to overcome this limitation. We focused on psychological intimate partner violence in both emerging adulthood (19-23 years) and adulthood (27-31 years), and include self and partner ratings of violence as well as observational data in a sample of rural non-Hispanic white families. Controlling for a host of individual risk factors as well as interparental psychological violence from adolescence (14-15 years), the results show that exposure to parent-to-child psychological violence during adolescence is a key predictor of intimate partner violence throughout adulthood. In addition, negative emotionality and the number of sexual partners in adolescence predicted intimate partner violence in both emerging adulthood and adulthood. Exposure to family stress was associated positively with intimate partner violence in adulthood but not in emerging adulthood, whereas academic difficulties were found to increase violence in emerging adulthood only. Unlike previous research, results did not support a direct effect of interparental psychological violence on psychological violence in the next generation. Gender differences were found only in emerging adulthood. Implications of these findings are discussed in light of the current literature and future directions.Journal of Youth and Adolescence 02/2013; 42(4). DOI:10.1007/s10964-013-9923-7 · 2.72 Impact Factor
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- "Acceptance of violence in dating relationships 1 Foshee et al. (2001) Adolescent antisocial behavior 1 Andrews et al. (2000) Age (older than age 18) 1 McCloskey and Lichter (2003) Aggression-tolerant attitudes 1 Connolly et al. (2010) Alcohol use 1 Foshee et al. (2001) Anxiety 1 Foshee et al. (2010) Child's sex 1 McCloskey and Lichter (2003) Chronic offenders of violence throughout adolescence 1 Herrenkohl et al. (2007) Depression 3 Cleveland et al. (2003); Foshee et al. (2010); McCloskey and Lichter (2003) Drinking—frequency by volume 1 Cleveland et al. (2003) Drug and alcohol use 1 Schnurr and Lohman (2008) 8th grade sexual initiation 1 O'Donnell et al. (2006) Emotional distress 1 Tschann et al. (2009) Fighting 1 Cleveland et al. (2003) General aggression 2 Kerr and Capaldi (2011); O'Donnell et al. (2006) General antisocial behavior 1 Lavoie et al. (2002) Having sex before love-telling 1 Cleveland et al. (2003) Higher number of sex partners 1 Cleveland et al. (2003) History of physical aggression 1 Gidycz et al. (2007) History of sexual aggression 1 Ozer et al. (2004) History of verbal aggression 1 Gidycz et al. (2007) Late increasing pattern of violence in adolescence 1 Herrenkohl et al. (2007) Marijuana use 1 Foshee et al. (2010) Prior dating violence 2 Tschann et al. (2009); Wolfe et al. (2004) Race/Ethnicity 3 Connolly et al. (2010); Foshee et al. (2001); Foshee et al. (2010) Sex desirability 1 Cleveland et al. (2003) Substance use 1 O'Donnell et al. (2006) Suicide attempt 1 Kerr and Capaldi (2011) Total drinking 1 Cleveland et al. (2003) Trauma symptoms 1 Wolfe et al. (2004) Trauma-related anger 1 Wolfe et al. (2004) Use of aggressive media 1 Connolly et al. (2010) Relationship level risk factors Aversive family communication 1 Andrews et al. (2000) Childhood physical abuse 1 Linder and Collins (2005) Early involvement with antisocial peers 1 Schnurr and Lohman (2008) Engagement in peer violence 2 Foshee et al. (2010); Ozer et al. (2004) Exposure to father-to-mother violence 1 Tschann et al. (2009) Exposure to interparental violence 1 Tschann et al. (2009) Exposure to mother-to-father "
ABSTRACT: Dating violence is a serious public health problem. In recent years, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other entities have made funding available to community based agencies for dating violence prevention. Practitioners who are tasked with developing dating violence prevention strategies should pay particular attention to risk and protective factors for dating violence perpetration that have been established in longitudinal studies. This has been challenging to date because the scientific literature on the etiology of dating violence is somewhat limited, and because there have been no comprehensive reviews of the literature that clearly distinguish correlates of dating violence perpetration from risk or protective factors that have been established through longitudinal research. This is problematic because prevention programs may then target factors that are merely correlated with dating violence perpetration, and have no causal influence, which could potentially limit the effectiveness of the programs. In this article, we review the literature on risk and protective factors for adolescent dating violence perpetration and highlight those factors for which temporal precedence has been established by one or more studies. This review is intended as a guide for researchers and practitioners as they formulate prevention programs. We reviewed articles published between 2000 and 2010 that reported on adolescent dating violence perpetration using samples from the United States or Canada. In total, 53 risk factors and six protective factors were identified from 20 studies. Next steps for etiological research in adolescent dating violence are discussed, as well as future directions for prevention program developers.Journal of Youth and Adolescence 02/2013; DOI:10.1007/s10964-013-9907-7 · 2.72 Impact Factor