[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report here an anatomical study of the levator claviculae discovered during an anatomical dissection course for medical students. The muscle was identified on the left side, and followed a typical topography to previous detections, originating from the transverse process of the fourth cervical vertebra and attaching to the upper facet of the middle part of the clavicle. Innervation to this muscle came from both the third and fourth rami of the cervical spinal nerves. Blood supply to the muscle could not be identified clearly. In this report, we undertook a comprehensive literature survey of this muscle dating back ca. 170 years, and attempted to ascertain the phylogenic and ontogenetic explanations for the development of this muscle.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a well-discussed neurovascular condition in upper limbs that prompted the scientists to conduct several reviews and to write articles on the topic during the last three decades. Most of the treatments are surgery and a series of conservative treatments. However, the variation of conservative treatments is wide and not defined. The aim of this systematic review was to define the effectiveness of physical treatments, as one of the conservative managements, for patients with TOS, in terms of pain relief. Eleven articles published during the period 1990–2009 were selected for this review. Results show that physical treatments can reduce the pain of patients with TOS, which is the primary outcome. However, there is no firm evidence to support their effectiveness.
Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal 12/2011; 29(2):53-63. DOI:10.1016/j.hkpj.2011.06.005
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the current study a levator claviculae muscle, found in a 65-year old male cadaver, is presented. We describe the topography and morphology of this accessory muscle, which may be found in 1-3% of the population. Moreover, we discuss the embryologic origin of the muscle along with its clinical importance.
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