A novel cell-penetrating peptide, M918, for efficient delivery of proteins and peptide nucleic acids.

Department of Neurochemistry, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
Molecular Therapy (Impact Factor: 7.04). 11/2007; 15(10):1820-6. DOI: 10.1038/
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) have attracted increasing attention in the past decade as a result of their high potential to convey various, otherwise impermeable, bioactive agents across cellular plasma membranes. Albeit different CPPs have proven potent in delivery of different cargoes, there is generally a correlation between high efficacy and cytotoxicity for these peptides. Hence, it is of great importance to find new, non-toxic CPPs with more widespread delivery properties. We present a novel CPP, M918, that efficiently translocates various cells in a non-toxic fashion. In line with most other CPPs, the peptide is internalized mainly via endocytosis, and in particular macropinocytosis, but independent of glycosaminoglycans on the cell surface. In addition, in a splice correction assay using antisense peptide nucleic acid (PNA) conjugated via a disulphide bridge to M918 (M918-PNA), we observed a dose-dependent increase in correct splicing, exceeding the effect of other CPPs. Our data demonstrate that M918 is a novel CPP that can be used to translocate different cargoes inside various cells efficiently.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cell penetrating peptides (CPPs) with intrinsic biological activities offer a novel strategy for the modulation of intracellular events. QSAR analysis identified CPPs within human cytochrome c. Two such sequences, Cyt c(77-101) and Cyt c(86-101), induced tumor cell apoptosis, thus mimicking the role of Cyt c as a key regulator of programmed cell death. Quantitative analyses confirmed that Cyt c(77-101) is an extremely efficient CPP. Thus, Cyt c(77-101) was selected for modification to incorporate target-specific peptidyl motifs. Chimeric N-terminal extension with a target mimetic of FG nucleoporins significantly enhanced the apoptogenic potency of Cyt c(77-101) to a concentration readily achievable in vivo. Moreover, this construct, Nup153-Cyt c, facilitates the dramatic redistribution of nuclear pore complex proteins and thus propounds the nuclear pore complex as a novel target for the therapeutic induction of apoptosis.
    Chemistry & biology 07/2010; 17(7):735-44. · 6.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The hydrophobic plasma membrane constitutes an indispensable barrier for cells in living animals. Albeit being pivotal for the maintenance of cells, the inability to cross the plasma membrane is still one of the major obstacles to overcome in order to progress current drug development. A group of substances, with restricted access to the interior of cells, which has shown great promise for future clinical use is oligonucleotides that are exploited to interfere with gene expression. Short interfering RNAs that are utilized to confer gene silencing and splice correcting oligonucleotides, applied for the manipulation of splicing patterns, are two classes of oligonucleotides that have been explored in this thesis. Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) are a class of peptides that has gained increasing focus in last years. This ensues as a result of their remarkable ability to convey various, otherwise impermeable, macromolecules across the plasma membrane of cells in a relatively non-toxic fashion. This thesis aims at further characterizing well-established, and newly designed, CPPs in terms of toxicity, delivery efficacy, and internalization mechanism. Our results demonstrate that different CPPs display different toxic profiles and that cargo conjugation alters the toxicity and uptake levels. Furthermore, we confirm the involvement of endocytosis in translocation of CPPs, and in particular the importance of macropinocytosis. All tested peptides facilitate the delivery of splice correcting oligonucleotides with varying efficacy, the newly designed CPP, M918, being the most potent. Finally we conclude that by promoting endosomolysis, by exploring new CPPs with improved endosomolytic properties, the biological response increases significantly. In conclusion, we believe that these results will facilitate the development of new CPPs with improved delivery properties that could be used for transportation of oligonucleotides in clinical settings.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) can internalize into cells with covalently or non-covalently bound biologically active cargo molecules, which by themselves are not able to pass the cell membrane. Direct penetration and endocytosis are two main pathways suggested for the cellular uptake of CPPs. Cargo molecules which have entered the cell via an endocytotic pathway must be released from the endosome before degradation by enzymatic processes and endosomal acidification. Endosomal entrapment seems to be a major limitation in delivery of these molecules into the cytoplasm. Bacteriorhodopsin (BR) asymmetrically introduced into large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs) was used to induce a pH gradient across the lipid bilayer. By measuring pH outside the LUVs, we observed light-induced proton pumping mediated by BR from the outside to the inside of the LUVs, creating an acidic pH inside the LUVs, similar to the late endosomes in vivo. Here we studied the background mechanism(s) of endosomal escape. 20% negatively charged LUVs were used as model endosomes with incorporated BR into the membrane and fluorescein-labeled CPPs entrapped inside the LUVs, together with a fluorescence quencher. The translocation of different CPPs in the presence of a pH gradient across the membrane was studied. The results show that the light-induced pH gradient induced by BR facilitates vesicle membrane translocation, particularly for the intermediately hydrophobic CPPs, and much less for hydrophilic CPPs. The presence of chloroquine inside the LUVs or addition of pyrenebutyrate outside the LUVs destabilizes the vesicle membrane, resulting in significant changes of the pH gradient across the membrane.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 12/2012; · 4.66 Impact Factor


1 Download
Available from